Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary was constituted as a separate entity in 1985. There are about 107 settlements comprising 2,613 households within the boundary of the Wildlife Sanctuary. The total population of these households is of 10,604 (info from the WWS Plan). These households comprise different tribal communities, OBCs and others. The PVTG adivasi of Kattunaikar and Mullu Kuruma, are the majority in the area, and they are considered the “real” forest dwellers of the sanctuary as they have a closer relationship to the forest. The Adivasis of this area have been struggling to reclaim their land since decades; one of the most important struggles took place in 2003 under the name of ‘Muthanga’ where thousands of Adivasis occupied the Muthanga range of the WWS to occupy the land considered by them ancestral territories .