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West African Gas Pipeline, from Nigeria to Ghana

Despite initial opposition to the construction of the WAGP and current operation problems and insufficiencies, the pipeline is in operation.


The West African Gas Pipeline (WAGP), operated by Chevron and owned by the West African Gas Pipeline Company Limited (WAGPco) was commissioned in 2006. Chevron's partners on the project are the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, Royal Dutch Shell, Volta River Authority, Société Togolaise du Gaz and the Société Beninoise de Gaz.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:West African Gas Pipeline, from Nigeria to Ghana
State or province:Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, Togo
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas refining
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The West African Gas Pipeline (WAGP) has a total length of 678 Kilometers (421 miles), a maximum discharge of 5 billion cubic meters per year and a diameter of 508mm (20 in).

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Project area:Total land area used: approximately 200 hectares
Level of Investment for the conflictive project1,000,000,000 USD
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:50,000 people might be displaced
Start of the conflict:01/01/1982
Company names or state enterprises:Chevron from United States of America
West African Gas Pipeline Company Limited from Ghana
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Friends of the Earth Ghana
Friends of the Earth Nigeria/Environmental Rights Action
Conflict & Mobilization
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Air pollution, Fires
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Project in operation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The West African Gas Pipeline is in operation disregarding the environmental and social impacts.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

All other Enabling Legislations and WAGP Regulations and its amendments can be found on the WAGPa homepage:
[click to view]

Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed IDA Partial Risk Guarantee in the Amount of US$ 50 Million for Ghana and a Proposed MIGA Guarantee in the Amount of US$75 Million for Sponsors Equity to the West African Gas Pipeline Company Limited for The West African Gas Pipeline Project, Document of the World Bank and MIGA, November 2, 2004,
[click to view]

Treaty on the West African Gas Pipeline Project between The Republic of Benin and The Republic of Ghana and The Federal Republic of Nigeria and The Republic of Togo, Dakar, 31 January 2003,
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

KARIKPO, Mike, (2008), Negotiating Resource Sovereignty, Fueling Conflicts: The Case of West African Gas Pipeline Project,
[click to view]

Friends of the Earth International (2006), The Myths of the West African Gas Pipeline, January 2006,
[click to view]

Friends of the Earth International / Gender Action (2011), Broken Promises: Gender Impacts of the World Bank-Financed West-African and Chad-Cameroon Pipelines,
[click to view]

N-YAABA, Lawrence K.A., (2009), Socioeconomic Emancipation and Integration of West Africa: The Role of the West African Gas Pipeline, Practicum Paper, Master of Public Administration; Kennesaw State University, May 2009,
[click to view]

GOODLAND, Robert (ed.) (2005), Oil and Gas Pipelines. Social and Environmental Impact Assessment: State of the Art. Complied and edited by Robert Goodland for IAIA 2005 Conference, May 2005,
[click to view]

CHUKWUDI ONUOHA, Freedom (2008), Is This Yet Another False Start? The West African Gas Pipeline Project and the Host Communities in the Niger Delta Region, Human Security Journal, Vol. 7, Summer 2008,
[click to view]

BASSEY, Nnimmo (2000), Communique of “The Information and Consultative Meeting on the West African Gas Pipeline” held at Warri, Delta State, Nigeria between March 14-15, 2000, Nnimmo Bassey, Chair, Oilwatch Africa, Director, Environmental Rights Action / Friends of the Earth Nigeria,
[click to view]

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development – International Development Associacion (2014), 5th Progress Report to the Board of Executive Directors on the Implementation of Management's Action Plan, In Response to the Inspection Panel Investigation Report No. 42644-GH on the WEST AFRICAN GAS PIPELINE PROJECT (WAGP) (IDA Guarantee No. B-0060-GH), May 2014,
[click to view]

Friends of the Earth International, Global Research, September 09, 2005:
[click to view]

West African Gas Pipeline Authority (WAGPa):
[click to view]

The World Bank, Projects Database: 3A- West African Gas Pipeline (IDA S/UP),
[click to view]

Friday Olokor, West Africa: World Bank Acknowledges West African Gas Pipeline Flaws,
[click to view]

Emad Mekay, “New Pipeline a “Recipe for Disaster”, Locals Say”,
[click to view]

World Bank Spots Loopholes In West African Gas Project ,
[click to view]

West African Gas Pipeline Company (WAPCo):
[click to view]

‘Don’t blame WAGP/WAPCo for ‘dumsor’
[click to view]

West African Gas Pipeline stops short of expectations
[click to view]

Human Rights Watch letter addressed to Dr. Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank, Re: Regional Eastern Africa Power Pool Program (APL1), July 5, 2012,
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1766
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