Wilmar in Jambi province, Indonesia


The company, PT Asiatic Persada (a subsidiary of Wilmar) has exploited for years an area of 20,000 hectares of oil palm in a region inhabited by the indigenous people Suku Anak Dalam Batin Sembilan. In August 2011, a village was attacked by a joint action of local police and company staff, The police fired guns to scare them off, and then deployed heavy machinery to destroy their dwellings and bulldoze them into the nearby creeks. 70 houses were destroyed and 150 families had to be evacuated.

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Basic Data
NameWilmar in Jambi province, Indonesia
ProvinceJambi province
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Agro-fuels and biomass energy plants
Specific Commodities
Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)20000
Type of PopulationRural
Relevant government actorsThe National Land Agency in Indonesia with 3, cases of land conflicts in its books
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWALHI (Indonesia), Forest Peoples Programme (U.K.), Rainforest Action Network (U.S.), Sawitwatch (Indonesia), WRM
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
A complaint was presented by the Forest Peoples Program to the Compliance Advisory Ombudsman (CAO) of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) of the World Bank. The company did not solve the conflict, they offered people shares in another operation, but people are disappointed about that, they claim it benefits them very little and raised further conflicts.
Development of AlternativesRecognition of land rights
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Wilmar took over the company in 2006, and has refused to recognise the communities land claims.
Sources and Materials

WRM-Bulletin, nr. 173/2011, Human Rights crisis in palm oil estates in Indonesia ()
[click to view]

Functioning of local markets on the regional scale: Rubber and Palm Oil in Jambi Province, Indonesia (Thomas Kopp)
[click to view]


Complaint regarding Wilmar Group's sale agreement of PT Asiatic Persada (Jambi, Indonesia) to non-RSPO member and non-IFC funded companies without prior consultation with Suku Anak Dalam (SAD) affected communities
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014