Wilmar plantations, Nigeria


In 1992, comminutues from the Ekong Anaku (Cross River State) agreed to hand over their lands as a forests reserve. In exchange, the government promised to provide programmes for agroforestry and rural development and credit for small farms and businesses. The promises never fulfilled. Ten years later, the Cross River State government handed their lands to the president of that time Olusegun Obasanjo. In 2011 Obasanjo sold the land to giant palm oil producer Wilmar. Comminuties were never consulted nor compensated and they claimed the lands were illegaly sold.

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Basic Data
NameWilmar plantations, Nigeria
ProvinceCross River State Province
SiteEkong Anaku
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)10000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population4000
Start Date1992
Company Names or State EnterprisesBiase Plantation Limited from Nigeria - belonging to Wilmar Intl
Wilmar International from Singapore
Relevant government actorsCross River State Government
International and Financial InstitutionsForest Stewardship Council (FSC)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRRDC, FPP, WRM, GRAIN
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCommuinities want their land back, they request compensation
Sources and Materials

Stolen land: Nigerian villagers want their land back from Wilmar
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorTeresa Perez
Last update08/04/2014