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Wind farm at Volovja reber, Slovenia

Elektro Primorska, a state owned firm, wanted to build a massive wind farm at the Natura 2000-listed Volovja reber but its plans were thwarted by environmental opposition.


Elektro Primorska, a company for distribution of electricity with majority state ownership, wants to build windmills on Volovja reber. Despite the fact that previous research indicated that Volovja reber is inappropriate for building windmills due to high vulnerability of the natural environment, in 2002 the activities to obtain the licence got underway. And although the State Institute for Nature Protection issued an expert opinion that windmills would have an unacceptably high impact on nature, the Environmental Agency issued an environmental approval in June 2006. Due to numerous complaints by civil society, the construction has not started yet. The proceedings were characterized by many irregularities. This example is also important as a precedent for the involvement of environmental NGOs in the procedures for issuing environmental approvals for major land use, that was many times prevented by the Environmental Agency.

Basic Data
Name of conflict:Wind farm at Volovja reber, Slovenia
Location of conflict:Ilirska Bistrica
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Large-scale wind energy plants
Land acquisition conflicts
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2002
Company names or state enterprises:Elektro Primorska from Slovenia - a majority state owned company for distribution of electricity
Relevant government actors:Environmental Agency of Republic of Slovenia., Ministry for Agriculture and environment.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Coalition for Volovja Reber, BirdLife Slovenia [DOPPS]: member of BirdLife International., BirdLife International
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources & Materials

The Slovenia Times, 2014
[click to view]

Page about the campaign
[click to view]

Other documents

Case Study Aarhus Convention
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Tomislav Tkalec
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:391
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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