Wind Farm CDM project in Kalpavalli Community Forest, India

The Nallakonda Windpower project has negative impacts on the Kalpavalli area which was restored by a local reforestation initiative


A local eco-restoration initiative developed to transform wastelands into a dense community forest in the Kalpavilli region is being harmed by the Nallajonda Wind Farm Project, an investment of Tadas Wind Energy Limited. The restoration initiative started in 1990 with the Timbaktu Collective and local villagers of Anantpur district, consisting in the reforestation and enhancing of traditional livelihoods of the Kalpavilli area. Such scheme became a model for successful joint forest management, watershed development and the creation of sustainable forest based livelihoods.  The Nallajonda Wind Farm comprises 63 wind turbines with a total installed capacity of 50.4 MW. The project was initiated in 2007 when the company bought around 49 acres of reforested “wasteland” and started building roads for the installation of windmills. Although the Indian Government does not require submission of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for wind power projects, neighboring communities have identified environmental impacts such as deforestation, heavy land degradation and biodiversity loss. Local water bodies are being negatively affected as well. According to Carbon Market Watch, these significant negative environmental and social impacts have been completely omitted in the project documents although the area has been recognized as biodiversity rich Community Conserved Area (CCA) in the CCA directory of India by Neema Pathak Broome. Organizations such as the Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development have also claimed that wind power infrastructure activities destroyed the former restoration efforts on the area.

See more...
Basic Data
NameWind Farm CDM project in Kalpavalli Community Forest, India
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
SiteAnantpur district
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe CDM project Nallakonda wind farm comprises:

A 50MW wind park with 63 Enercon wind turbines (0.8 MW capacity/unit) covering around 49 acres (19.8 ha).

The project would result into 100,135 tCO2e of annual average emission reduction and 1,001,350 tCO2e of total emissions reductions over 10 years fixed crediting period.
Project Area (in hectares)19.8
Level of Investment (in USD)Unknown
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population11,000
Start Date27/03/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesTadas Wind Energy Limited (TWEL) from India - Developer
Relevant government actorsIndian Ministry of Environment & Forests (DNA)

Andhra Pradesh State Government

National Green Tribunal of India
International and Financial InstitutionsUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change/CDM (UNFCC)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSociety for Promotion of Wasteland Development


The Timbaktu Collective

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (undecided)
Development of AlternativesTo keep on with the reforestation and organic argiculture activities helded by the Timbaktu Collective and local villagers.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.It seems that the project still operates. There are no recent news about the CDM project linked to the wind farm. There are neither news about the National Green Tribunal resolution on this case.
Sources and Materials

Environmental Ecologic


Published: 10/23/2012 Consulted: 01/26/2016

10/23/2012 Consulted: 01/26/2016
[click to view]

The Hindu

Making a pig’s ear of it

Published on September 26, 2014 Consulted 01/26/2016

[click to view]

Carbon Market Watch

Nallakonda Wind Farm Project in India

Consulted: 01/26/2016
[click to view]

Carbon Market Watch

Kalpavalli Community Conserved Forest harmed by CDM project

Consulted: 01/26/2016
[click to view]

Times of India

When clean projects take a toll on environment

Jayashree Nandi | Jun 6, 2012 Consulted: 01/26/2016
[click to view]

CDM documentation
[click to view]

Other Documents

Nallakonda wind power project Source: Carbon Market Watch
[click to view]

The Kalpavalli Community Forest Source: Carbon Market Watch
[click to view]

Other CommentsOn the civil society organizations involved:

Society for Promotion of Wasteland Development


The origins of SPWD in 1982 can be traced to the need to do something about land degradation which was assuming alarming proportions by the late 70s early 80s. The understanding was that degraded lands could be reclaimed and put to more productive use. With a livelihood focus to natural resource management, SPWD focused on identification of needs of the local communities on one hand, documentation of technologies in the field and development of appropriate institutional mechanisms to deal with the concrete issues emerging on the ground.

The Timbaktu Collective


Not-for-Profit Organisation initiated in 1990, working for sustainable development in the drought prone Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh (A.P.) INDIA.

The Collective works with some of most affected by chronic drought, unproductive land , unemployment and poor infrastructural facilities in the region, among them the landless, small and marginal farmers with special emphasis on women, children, youth and dalits.
Meta Information
ContributorSofía Ávila
Last update29/03/2017