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Wind Power Plants in occupied territories of Western Sahara

Saharaui people mobilize against several wind power projects in the occupied area by Morocco. Projects are seen as reinforcing the illegal occupation and exploitation of local resources.


An increasing part of the wind and solar programs that Morocco is promoting are located in Western Sahara, a disputed territory between the Kingdom of Morrocco and the Saharawi indigenous people, led by the Polisario Front.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Wind Power Plants in occupied territories of Western Sahara
Location of conflict:Western Sahara, El Aaiún
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Large-scale wind energy plants
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Foum El Oued Wind Farm

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Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:17/11/2016
Company names or state enterprises:Siemens from Germany
Enel Wind Power from Italy
Nareva Holding from Morocco
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Western Sahara Resource Watch
Saharaui Youth Union (UJSARIO)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Other Environmental impacts
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnder construction
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The occupation and resource exploitation of Western Sahara is ongoing
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Powering the Plunder. Western Sahara Resource Watch. 2015 Report
[click to view]

BBC News- Western Sahara Profile
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2509
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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