Mathiatis is a small village in the foothills of the Troodos mountain in Cyprus. In 2017, Hellenic Copper Mines revealed publicly its intention to reopen the Strongylos mine in the South Mathiatis in order to extract gold has been confronted by the local people and activists [1, 4, 6].
"The Strongylos mine, which is on the tentative list of Unesco World Heritage Monuments as part of the Troodos Mountain ophiolite – a 90-million-year-old fragment of well-preserved oceanic crust and an excellent example of volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit –, is about 2 kilometres south of Mathiatis community and is a gold mine dating back to 600BC". 
Even though some of the local residents have first welcomed the project in the Council of Mathiatis and approved it in an initial referendum, afterwards with a strong mobilisation of local people, local scientists including archaeologists, environmentalists, and activists, there has been a strong opposition to the reopening of the mine. Local people and activists founded several initiatives and resistance groups such as Community Council of Mathiatis  and the Historical and Environmental Protection group of Mathiatis in order to raise awareness and organise themselves .
They have called attention to the negative environmental, archaeological and cultural impacts of the mining company’s proposal [1, 2, 4] and highlighted the risk to human and non-human life. Thea area is the habitat of rare and endangered bird and bat species, and the project of re-opening the mine would lead to cutting down about 2,000 trees, decimating the unique ecosystem that has developed in this area as it rehabilitated from past mining activities. As a candidate for the Unesco World Heritage Monuments, the local people and activists claim that losing this monument dating back to 600 BC would lead to the loss of local people's sociocultural identity and belonging of the place, where excavations have uncovered rare artefacts unique to the Eastern Mediterranean. 
Activists engaged in a number of activities for their struggle: awareness raising and media campaigns, participation in parliamentary meetings, cleaning the mining site, organising educational events to inform local people and visitors including European Heritage Days in October 2017, engaging in sustainable eco- and agritourism and celebrating their natural and cultural heritage [1, 2, 3, 4, 5].
As a result of their struggle and with the strong participation of women activists in the forefront of mobilizations, they have been successful to stop the mine . The rejection of the company's proposal was made on the basis of the antiquities department’s position regarding the possible existence of ancient artefacts within the mine .
After its proposal for extracting gold has been rejected, the company (Hellenic Copper Mines) has made another request for removing the mine waste from the area and restoring it. However, the citizens and their initiatives in the Strongylos-Mathiatis region have objected the proposal since they see it as a “trojan horse” for the degradation, alteration and destruction of the old mine’s important and unique natural and cultural landscape, all with the aim of further exploiting the remaining gold reserves in the wider region.  Instead, they propose the alternative to create “a model archaeological and environmental park with international recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site”, which would serve the public interest.