Last update:
2017-03-28

Cement factory in Kendeng karst mountains, Indonesia

Women have taken the lead in a grassroots campaign to save the Kendeng karst mountains in Central Java from environmental destruction brought upon by a new cement factory in Indonesia.


Description:

Women have taken the lead in a grassroots campaign to save the Kendeng karst mountains in Central Java from environmental destruction brought upon by a new  cement factory in Indonesia.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Cement factory in Kendeng karst mountains, Indonesia
Country:Indonesia
State or province:Rembang, Central Java
Location of conflict:Tegaldowo and Timbrangan villages (Kendeng karst mountains)
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Specific commodities:Cement
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The cement factory will have a capacity of 8000 tons per day

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Project area:850
Level of Investment:327,000,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:16/07/2016
Company names or state enterprises:Semen Indonesia from Indonesia
FLSmidth
Relevant government actors:Central Java Governor
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Samin community
Jaringan Masyarakat peduli Pegunungan Kendeng (JMPPK)
Semarang Caver Association [farming and local community groups in Rembang City]
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Women protest called "the Kartinis of Rembang"; Samin community; Jaringan Masyarakat Peduli Pegunungan Kendeng movement
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Women cement their feet, local people prayer and reciting the Koran
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Noise pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood
Other socio-economic impactsCommunitarian division
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain: In January 2017, Central Java Governor canceled the cement factory permits. Before, the Supreme Court ruled the state-owned cement company began construction of its controversial plant without first conducting a thorough check of any potential impacts on the local environment [4]. Central Java Governor Ganjar Pranowo said: "Several [important] items were not included in the documents, especially on the procedures and regulations on the limitation of limestone mining activities in the area’s ground water basin" However, added that the permit could be reinstalled once Semen Indonesia fulfilled the requirements demanded.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[7] Benda, Harry; Lance Castles (1969). "The Samin Movement". Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde: 207–216, 218–240
[click to view]

[5] Korver, A. Pieter E. (1976). "The Samin Movement and Millenarism". Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde: 249–266
[click to view]

[6] King, Victor T. (1973). "Some Observations on the Samin Movement of North-Central Java: Suggestions for the Theoretical Analysis of the Dynamics of Rural Unrest". Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde: 457–481.
[click to view]

[9] Renaldi (2017) Does This Look Like A Barren Wasteland?
[click to view]

[8] Raden Adjeng Kartini Biography: Women's Rights Activist, Journalist (1879–1904)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[10] Semen Indonesia to build US$200m plant in Myanmar
[click to view]

[1] Kendeng Women Rise Up to Resist Cement Factory, Save Mother Earth
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[2] PT Semen Indonesia’s Rembang plant is on track
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[3] Women of Rembang put their feet down to save farms from cement factory
[click to view]

The Kartinis of Kendeng: using motherhood as a form of resistance
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Semen Indonesia
[click to view]

[4] Central Java Governor Revokes PT Semen Indonesia's Mining Permit in Rembang
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Kendeng farmers disappointed with new cement factory permit
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[11] Semen Indonesia Rembang Plant to Be Fully Operational in 2016
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Protest against Semen Indonesia’s Rembang factory continues
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[12] Protest against Semen Indonesia’s Rembang factory continues
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Chronology of Resistance in Rembang City, Jawa Tengah: Street and community conflict against military & police in struggle against the construction of a cement factory (Indonesia)
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Women cement their feet protesting new factory construction in Indonesia
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325 community. Chronology of Resistance in Rembang City, Jawa Tengah: Street and community conflict against military & police in struggle against the construction of a cement factory (Indonesia)
[click to view]

Other documents

Source: by Natalie Stuart 15th Nov. 2016
[click to view]

Source: The Jakarta Post/Seto Wardhana http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/10/12/rembangs-cement-factory-protesters-visit-c-java-governor.html One of nine female farmers of Mount Kendeng, Rembang regency, Central Java, is preparing to protest against cement plant development in the area by cementing her feet in front of the State Palace in Jakarta on April 13. The female farmers demanded to meet with the President to voice their concerns over the construction that would harm the environment and threaten their livelihoods as farmers
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:SM (ICTA-UAB)
Last update28/03/2017
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