The Kendeng Karst region is characterized by underground caves and springs. It is the main water source for farming communities living in the surrounding area. For decades, the people of Kendeng Karst have tried to live a life separate from modern Indonesia. They didn't have government identification until the early 2000s, and even then they fought to keep the religion line blank if the central government wouldn't recognize their faith . A study from the Centre for Disaster Management at private university UPN by Veteran Yogyakarta found underground water sources in the area proposed for a new cement factory by Semen Indonesia. On July 16, 2014, the local population was alerted of the construction of the cement factory plant in Rembang, Central Java just before an event placing the plant´s first stone. Women quickly mobilized as protest leaders in response, gathering community membres at the factory site to demonstrate. However, the army and police forcibly dispersed the action. During the scuffle, Police arrested four protestors and knocked two women unconscious from dragging and throwing them about .