Wullar barrage-Tulbul project in Kashmir, India

Description

India proposed to build the barrage in 1984 on the River Jhelum, at the mouth of Wullar Lake, Indias largest fresh water lake, at Sopore in Kashmir Valley. According to the original Indian plan, the barrage was expected to be of 439-feet long and 40-feet wide, and would have a maximum storage capacity of 0.30 million acres feet of water. India claims the barrage would make the river navigable in summer [1].

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Basic Data
NameWullar barrage-Tulbul project in Kashmir, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceJammu and Kashmir
SiteSopore
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific Commodities
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording to the original Indian plan, the barrage was expected to be of 439-feet long and 40-feet wide, and would have a maximum storage capacity of 0.30 million acres feet of water [1]
Type of PopulationUnknown
Start Date1984
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Water and Power
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Government of Pakistan Government of India
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Pakistan took the case to Indus Waters Commission in 1986, a year later it admitted its failure to resolve the issue. Before Pakistan moved International Arbitral Court, India stopped construction. Different rounds of talks have been held till now [1,4].
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Fostering a culture of peace
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Both sides emphasized the need for an early and amicable resolution of the issue within the ambit of the Indus Waters Treaty. In order to address the concerns of both countries, it was agreed that the Indian side will provide additional technical data to Pakistan [4]. The Pakistan side shall examine all the data and furnish its views before the next round of the Talks. Both sides further agreed that, if required, they will explore the way forward for resolving the issue under the provisions of the Treaty [4]
Development of AlternativesBoth India and Pakistan agreed that the conflict can be resolved through dialog.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Under the dialogue process between India and Pakistan, the delegations of the two countries met in New Delhi from 27-28 March 2012, to discuss the Tulbul Navigation / Wullar Barrage Project. The two sides reiterated their commitment to bilateral engagement in a spirit of constructive cooperation. They discussed their respective positions on the Project while reaffirming the commitment to the Indus Waters Treaty 1960 [4]
Sources and Materials
Legislations

BRIEF PROVISIONS OF INDUS WATERS TREATY 1960
[click to view]

The Indus Water Treaty
[click to view]

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION - INDO-PAKISTAN COOPERATION

References

JAMMU AND KASHMIR
[click to view]

Indus Water Treaty and Managing Shared Water Resources for the Benefit of

Revisiting the 1960 Indus Waters Treaty
[click to view]

BALOCHISTAN PARTNERSHIPS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
[click to view]

case of Indus basin.
[click to view]

Indus Water Treaty Between Pakistan and India
[click to view]

Issues of compliance & transboundary impacts of Indian hydroprojects on the Western Rivers DR SHAHEEN AKHTAR
[click to view]

Basin States – Policy Issues and Options

Sustaining energy and food security in trans-boundary riversystem:

EMERGING CHALLENGES TO INDUS WATERS TREATY

NATIONAL WETLAND ATLAS:

Links

[1] Wullar Barrage/Tulbul Navigation Project

[click to view]

Pakistan Joint Statement on Tulbul NavigationWullar Barrage Project
[click to view]

[2] Talks with India on Wullar Barrage put off
[click to view]

[3] Pak, India begin talks on Wullar barrage-Tulbul project
[click to view]

It could happen with India and Pakistan
[click to view]

[4] India - Pakistan Joint Statement on Tulbul Navigation/Wullar Barrage Project

War over water

Media Links

India Pak Foreign Secretary level talks
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014
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