Xiangjiaba Hydropower Plant in Yunnan and Sichuan, southwest China

Thousands of residents displaced by the Xiangjiaba hydropower plant protested against the local resettlement policies.


Description

The 6400MW Xiangjiaba Hydropower Plant, owned by China Three Gorges Corporation (CTG), is the last step of a cascade development on the lower mainstream of Jinsha River, of which Yibin County of Sichuan Province is on the left bank and Shuifu County of Yunnan Province is on the right bank.[1]

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Basic Data
NameXiangjiaba Hydropower Plant in Yunnan and Sichuan, southwest China
CountryChina
ProvinceYunnan and Sichuan
SiteSuijiang County and Pingshan County
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Other
Specific CommoditiesLand
Electricity
Water
Fish
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsOfficial name 向家坝

Location Yunnan

Coordinates 28°38′48″N 104°23′33″ECoordinates: 28°38′48″N 104°23′33″E

Status Operational

Construction began November 26, 2006

Opening date 2012

Dam and spillways

Type of dam Gravity

Impounds Jinsha River

Height 161 metres (528 ft)

Length 909 metres (2,982 ft)

Reservoir

Total capacity 5,163,000,000 m3 (4,185,712 acre·ft)

Catchment area 458,800 km2 (177,144 sq mi)

Surface area 95.6 km2 (37 sq mi)[1]

Power Station

Operator(s) China Yangtze Power

Commission date 2012-2014

Turbines 4 × 812 MW, 4 × 800 MW MW Francis-type

Installed capacity 6,448 MW

Annual generation 30.7 TWh (2015)
Level of Investment (in USD)10,000,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected PopulationFrom 85,000 to 118,000 people from six counties (about half in Sichuan, half in Yunnan) who will need to be relocated
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesAlstom from France
ABB (ABB) from Sweden - For this turnkey project, ABB was responsible for overall system design and supply of the main equipment, including 28 high- and ultrahigh-voltage converter transformers, ten from Sweden and the rest manufactured with ABB components and technology in China, in local partnership. Other key products delivered include thyristor valves, DC and AC switchyard equipment and the DCC800 HVDC control system.
State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) from China - The 1,980km UHVDC overhead transmission link, one of the biggest of its kind, was commissioned by the State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) in July 2010.
China Three Gorges Corporation (CTG ) from China - The power plant is being developed by state-owned China Three Gorges Corporation (CTG).
Yunnan Construction Engineering Group Co., Ltd. (Yunnan Jiangong) from China - Suijiang Resettlement Project
Relevant government actors-Suijiang County government and different bureaus
International and Financial InstitutionsChina Yangtze Power Co., Ltd. (CYPC) from China - project financing
China Development Bank (CDB) from China - project financing
China Construction Bank (CCB) from China
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Media based activism/alternative media
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Refusal of compensation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
OtherDifficult living environment after resettlement.
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Other Health impacts
Otherthe unknown health impacts of dead fish and its contamination to the water, etc.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime
OtherDead fish
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The displaced villagers suffered and sacrificed a lot from the resettlement and some of them obviously could not easily sustain their livelihoods in the long term due to low compensation and limited job opportunities. The dam is in operation and there would be potential ecological damages along the river and in the surrounding areas like a large number of dead fish in 2014.
Sources and Materials
Links

[2] Xiangjiaba Hydropower Station
[click to view]

[3] Xiangjiaba hydropower station starts operating
[click to view]

[10] Thousands of Chinese citizens protest forced resettlement by hydro dam, clash with police
[click to view]

[11] Burma earthquake: At least 75 people killed
[click to view]

[4] Xiangjiaba hydropower project: Asian project of the year
[click to view]

[12] Last refuge of rare fish threatened by Yangtze dam plans: Developers of hydroelectric plant have redrawn the boundaries of a crucial freshwater reserve for rare and economically important species
[click to view]

[5]《财经》:绥江围城(Caijing: Besieged Suijiang)
[click to view]

[6] 工程总承包-绥江移民工程
[click to view]

[13]第三大电站向家坝水电站投资14亿搞环保
[click to view]

[7] New migrants, same story: villagers in Sichuan protest relocation packages
[click to view]

[8] 向家坝水电站移民内幕揭秘
[click to view]

[1] Xiangjiaba Hydropower Plant
[click to view]

[14]金沙江向家坝库区惊现数十吨死鱼 影响群众近十万人
[click to view]

Media Links

Xiangjiaba Dam Documentary中国十大水电站之:向家坝纪录片
[click to view]

[9] Thousands of Villagers Clash With Police Over Yangtze Dam Project
[click to view]

Other Documents

Xiangjiaba Dam
[click to view]

Support national infrastructures, down the (black) gov
[click to view]

All displaced migrants request a lumpsum just compensation
[click to view]

A man reclaims bricks after excavators demolished homes in Fotan Fotan is one of the places where many residents were forced to relocate to higher ground due to a rise in water levels as a result of as a result of the Xiangjiaba Dam project on the Jingsha River near Yongshan, Yunnan
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB
Last update21/02/2018
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