Last update:

Xiantao Waste-to-Energy Plant, Hubei, China

In 2016, Xiantao Government temporarily suspended a waste incineration project following mass protests over environmental and health concerns. The project recommenced in 2017 and was put in operation during 2018.


Located at the Jianghan Plain in the middle of Hubei province, Xiantao is known as "Hometown of Gymnastics" in Hubei Province, China. It created a miracle of "a small town, two champions, three gold medals, and four medals." at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Xiantao Waste-to-Energy Plant, Hubei, China
State or province:Hubei
Location of conflict:Zhengrenkou Village, Ganhe Subdistrict, Xiantao City
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Incinerators
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The project is based on a BOT agreement (Build-Operate-Transfer) jointly built by the municipal government and Green Oriental Environmental Protection Co., Ltd (a wholly owned subsidiary in Yingfeng Environmental Technology Group). [8]

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Project area:8
Level of Investment:38,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:80,000
Start of the conflict:06/2016
End of the conflict:2016
Company names or state enterprises:Yingfeng Environmental Technology Group Co., Ltd from China - Shenzhen Green Oriental Environmental Protection Co., Ltd
Shenzhen Green Oriental Environmental Protection Co., Ltd from China - builder
Relevant government actors:-the municipal government of Xiantao City
-Xiantao Environmental Protection Bureau
-the Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China in Xiantao
-Hubei Provincial Development and Reform Commission
-the Environmental Protection Department of Hubei Province
-Municipal People's Congress of Urban and Rural Construction and Environmental Resources Protection Committee
-Xiantao Ecology and Environment Bureau
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsdioxin emissions
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsexposure to air pollution
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsdecrease of housing value
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The project was suspended under the protest of the residents, but it was restarted in 2017 and completed in 2018 for trial operation.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[7] 10k Xiantao residents protest waste incinera-tion plant despite project’s suspension (accessed on 2019-03-03)
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[3]鄂万民上街维权 仙桃污染项目停建 (accessed on 2017-09-03)
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[1]湖北仙桃暂缓建设垃圾焚烧发电项目,称征求市民意见后再决定 (accessed on 2017-09-03)
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[9] Xiantao residents accuse govt of not collecting garbage to pressure protesters (accessed on 2019-03-03)
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[8] MSW-to-energy Project in Xiantao City, Hubei (accessed on 2019-03-03)
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[10]仙桃市人大建议重启生活垃圾焚烧发电项目建设(accessed on 2017-09-03)
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[6]湖北仙桃民众抗议垃圾焚烧厂 市长宣布停建 (accessed on 2017-09-03)
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[5]湖北仙桃十万人游行 反建垃圾焚烧厂(accessed on 2017-09-03)
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[12]Chinese city puts plans for waste-burning plant on hold as protesters take to the streets(accessed on 2018-03-05)
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[11]仙桃市生活垃圾焚烧发电厂(一期)项目竣工环境保护验收信息公示(accessed on 2019-03-03)
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[4] Protesting Chinese Waste Plant, Tens of Thousands Clash With Armed Riot Po-lice (accessed on 2017-09-03)
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[2] Construction of waste incineration plant halted (accessed on 2019-03-03)
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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湖北仙桃十万人游行 反建垃圾焚烧厂(游行示威)
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仙桃垃圾焚烧发电项目事件(2016 6 25)完整
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[click to view]

Other documents

Boycotting slogans for waste incineration "For future generations"
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The police brutally arrested the female demonstrator
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Xiantao‘s street demonstrators
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Boycotting slogans for waste incineration "Boycott waste incineration"" Restore Xiantao's clear water and blue sky ""Maintain family health"
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/2017 NWAFU interns
Last update05/03/2019
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