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Yokosuka Coal Power Plant , Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Residents are protesting against installation of two Coal-Fired Power Plants in Yokosuka City claiming to emit 7.26 million tons of carbon dioxide annually.


In Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture, in Tokyo Bay, construction of two 650,000 kW coal-fired power plants (1.3 million kW in total) is underway. The operator is JERA, Japan's largest thermal power generation operator, in which TEPCO Fuel & Power and Chubu Electric Power have invested. The plan is to build a new coal-fired power plant on the land where the oil-fired power plant was originally located, and the environmental impact assessment has been shortened based on the "Replacement Guidelines." However, it has been pointed out that "shortening or bypassing the assessment" is a problem because the CO2 emission factor is increasing due to the conversion of fuel from oil to coal[1] [3].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Yokosuka Coal Power Plant , Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
State or province:Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of conflict:Yokosuka City
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

AsHiroko Tabuchi reported in February 2020 in The New YorkTimes [5] "Japan relies on coal for more than a third of its power generation needs. And while older coal plants will start retiring, eventually reducing overall coal dependency, the country still expects to meet more than a quarter of its electricity needs from coal in 2030. Japan’s appetite for coal doesn’t solely come down to Fukushima. Coal consumption has been rising for decades, as the energy-poor country, which is reliant on imports for the bulk of its energy needs, raced to wean itself from foreign oil following the oil shocks of the 1970s. Fukushima, though, presented another type of energy crisis, and more reason to keep investing in coal."

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Level of Investment for the conflictive projectPerhaps 3,000,000,000
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:about 3,000 households
Start of the conflict:2013
Company names or state enterprises:JERA Co., Ltd. from Japan
Relevant government actors:METI (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:KIKO Network
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (undecided)
Strengthening of participation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The CFPP is already under construction but there are law suits still pending.
Sources & Materials

[1]JBC. (2020). Yokotsuka-Japan Beyond Coal. Retrieved from
[click to view]

[3]Description of the project, from the industry's point of view.
[click to view]

[4] Redflag Paper. (2020) Victims Eligible for plaintiffs Yokosuka coal-fired proceedings argued by residents Tokyo District Court. Retrieved at
[click to view]

[5] The New York Times, Hiroko Tabuchi went to Yokosuka, Japan, to examine a controversial decision to invest heavily in coal. Feb. 3, 2020
[click to view]

[2 ]Yokotsukaclimatecase. (2021)Whatwewant. Retrieved from
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Citizen Survey
[click to view]

Residents Oppositions
[click to view]

4 Years Campaign on Coal Reduction in Tokyo Bay
[click to view]

Kanagawa News
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Environmental Justice Japan
Last update04/01/2021
Conflict ID:5356
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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