Last update:
2014-04-08

Yusufeli Dam, Turkey

Description:

The proposal for the construction of a dam on the Coruh River near Yusufeli, in the Turkish region east of the Black Sea, generated much controversy. The project called for the construction of thirteen dams for hydropower generation; two have already been built and two others are under contruction.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Yusufeli Dam, Turkey
Country:Turkey
State or province:Kurdistan
Location of conflict:Yusufeli, Artvin Province
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:
Land
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The project called for the construction of thirteen dams of which two have already been built.

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Project area:3,300 (Reservoir)
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:30000
Start of the conflict:1990
Company names or state enterprises:Dogus Insaat ve Ticaret AS from Turkey
Alstom from France
Coyne and Bellier from Turkey
Dolsar muhendislik from Turkey
Relevant government actors:General Directorate for the Hydrcal works., The Turkish Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:WWF, Friends of the Earth, International Rivers
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:The project is still planned to be executed.
Development of alternatives:They do not want the construction of the dams.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite the fact that the British company Amec left the project, as a result of the campaign against the construction of the Yusufeli dam by Friends of the Earth, the Government insists in implementing the project.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Popoli al buio, Diritti umani e conflitti nel mondo' - Giovanni Caputo 2008

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

CDCA
[click to view]

FoE
[click to view]

Yusufeli dam and HEPP
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Lucie greyl
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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