For several years OJSC (Open Joint Stock Company) “Mangistaumunagigaz” has been dumping its’ oil slime and waste from oil extraction on the designated oil waste polygons. According to the local villagers of Zhetibai, the polygons are located dangerously close to their houses. The company has also been allegedly burning the oil waste-rich soil at night. Locals report that they have breathed for several years contaminated air full of oil grime that contains carcinogens and other related dangerous substances. They add that they also have suffered many illnesses, discomfort and headaches as the result of the polluted environment. Local NGO “ECO Mangistau” presented an official report that two of the five polygons that they checked were not adhering to the Environmental Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Several severe breaches of dumping and safe utilization of oil waste have been detected, the absence of hydro isolation of temporary oil slime containers and uncontrolled air contamination among many others.