Zueitina oil port blockade, Libya

Zueitina oil port is under control of armed rebel groups and operates without environmental control and regulation.


The Zueitina Oil Terminal is situated at the Gulf of Sirte, 180 km south west of Benghazi and around 850 km east of Tripoli.

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Basic Data
NameZueitina oil port blockade, Libya
ProvinceAl Wahat district, Cyrenaica region
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Ports and airport projects
Oil and gas refining
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Zueitina Oil Terminal exports crude oil and liquefied gas. The storage capacity of the Terminal is around 6.5 million barrels of crude oil, 988 thousand barrels of Naphta, 240 thousand barrels of liquid Butane and 270 thousand barrels of liquid Propane. The daily production rate lies between 60,000 and 70,000 barrels of oil and condensate, although the terminal itself has the capacity to handle 20% of Libya's crude oil exports.

The Terminal comprises three units: oil movement, gas plant and a marine section. The first crude shipment was exported from the Terminal in 1968.
Project Area (in hectares)N/A
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population300
Start Date13/07/2013
End Date01/04/2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Oil Corporation from Libya
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndustrial workers
Informal workers
Trade unions
Rebel armed groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Boycotts of companies-products
Armed rebellion
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Other Environmental impacts
OtherMilitary impacts on oil infrastructure
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Criminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Operations at the port have resumed under control of rebel groups. The original striking protesters reached their goal of compensation, but rebel groups took control of the port which is occasionally open to oil exports without proper environmental control and regulation.
Sources and Materials

KPMG (2013), Oil and Gas in Africa, Africa's Reserves, Potential and Prospects,
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Libya's Zueitina port stormed hours after strike ends, by Ghaith Shennib and Marie-Louise Gumuchian, Reuters, 16 July 2013,
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Libyan oil port 'stormed by armed protesters', Aljazeera, 17 July 2013,
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Protest halts Libyan port's oil exports for sixth day, by Marie-Louise Gumuchian, Reuters, 22 July 2013,
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Libyan oil port Zueitina to re-open after damage assessed, by Ayan Al-Warfalli, Reuters, 27 April 2014,
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Libya Ends Suspension of Crude Loadings From Zueitina Terminal, by Grant Smith and Saleh Sarrar, Bloomberg, 28 April 2014,
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Zueitina Oil Company, official homepage,
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Armed protesters in Libya export oil, escalate blockade
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Tanker at Libya's Zueitina port lifting oil; new crude flows still blocked
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Discounts fail to lure oil buyers as Libya seeks to bypass Tripoli
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Other Documents

The entrance to Zueitina oil terminal about 75 miles west of Benghazi, Libya on July 18, 2013. Esam Omran Al-Fetori/Reuters
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Meta Information
Last update29/04/2019