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Zwentendorf Nuclear Reactor, Austria


In the late 60s the Austrian government decided to start a nuclear energy program. A planning company for nuclear power plants (NPP) was established.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Zwentendorf Nuclear Reactor, Austria
State or province:Lower Austria
Location of conflict:Zwentendorf, Austria
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Boiling-water reactor rated at 692 megawatts electric power output.

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Level of Investment:1,000,000,000: todays cost
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:0
Start of the conflict:1976
Company names or state enterprises:Tullnerfeld Atomic Power Plant GmbH (GKT) - in which nearly all electric utilities had a share. Organisation with 50%, Tiwag 13.34%, EVN 10.83%, Steiermark Energy 10%, AG Upper Austria Energy 8.33%, Kelag 3.33%, Salzburg AG 2.5%, VKW 1.67%, current names of the companies).
TIWAG Tiroler Wasserkraft AG from Austria
EVN Group from Austria
Steiermark Energy from Austria
AG Upper Austria Energy from Austria
Kelag from Austria
Salzburg AG from Austria
Vorarlberger Kraftwerke AG (VKW) from Austria
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Austrian Conservation Society, European Environmental Bureau, Friends of the Earth International, Anti-Atom International
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Referendum other local consultations
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:New legislation
Project cancelled
Development of alternatives:increased hydropower, waste-to-energy production, wind, solar...
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Procedurally, this decision was made democratically through a national referendum with high (2/3 voter population turnout). However, not everyone affected by the impending nuclear energy program was allowed to vote.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

AUSTRIAS NO TO NUCLEAR POWER by Peter Weish, Human Ecologist at the Vienna University, chairman of Anti Atom International
[click to view]

World News Briefs; Kreisky Is Defeated On Nuclear Issue
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Ingrid Behrsin
Last update18/08/2019
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