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Agip pipeline leaks gas in Ebocha community, Nigeria


Ebocha Community in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area of Rivers State is home to Agip’s Ebocha, Obrikom and Obiafu Oil and Gas Facility. The people of Ebocha are from the Ogba speaking tribe in Onelga. The community is rich in natural gas and hosts the state-owned gas turbine facility. The community has several huge and active gas stacks. The Ogba people are predominantly fishermen and farmers and depend on the little streams including the Orashi River as source of water for the community.ERA monitors visited the community on the 22 August, 2010 following a report of a fire incident on the Obiafu Obrikom Road resulting from gas leakage from Agip pipeline. Witnesses around the scene of the unpleasant incident claim that the bus and the driver were burnt.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Agip pipeline leaks gas in Ebocha community, Nigeria
State or province:Rivers
Location of conflict:Ebocha Community, Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas refining
Specific commodities:Natural Gas

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Project area:unknown
Level of Investment:unknown
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:unknown
Start of the conflict:21/08/2010
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency , Federal Ministry of Environment, National Environmental standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency , Department of Petroleum Resources
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action/ Friends of the Earth Nigeria

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Fires, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Global warming
Health ImpactsVisible: Deaths
Potential: Accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Development of alternatives:1. Agip should as a matter of urgency begin the changing of all pipes in the Ebocha/Obiafu Obrikom Oil Fields.
2. Agip should with other agencies carry out a comprehensive Joint Investigation Visit (JIV) report.
3. Proper compensations should be given to the affected victims of Agips negligence.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Fire out break resulted in loss of life. Agip delayed fixing their leaking pipelines yet there was no talk of compensation.

Sources & Materials

Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) Act was signed into law by President Umaru Musa Yar’ Adua GCFR and was published in the Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette No92, Vol 94 of 31st July, 2007.

The National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA), a Federal Government parastatal under the Federal Ministry of Environment, Housing and Urban development, was established under the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (Establishment) Act 15, 2006 as the institutional framework for the implementation of the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Meta information

Contributor:Maria Obaseki
Last update18/08/2019