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Agips Oil Spill in Abacheke Community, Nigeria


Okashikpa village is inhabited by the Abacheke community in Ohaji/Egbema Local Government area of Imo state; its a boundary town between Rivers and Imo state. In the communitys area theres a Agips Akiri/Ebocha pipeline. The people of Abacheke are mainly farmers and fishermen. Information given by the community folks indicate that Agip pipelines have been laid there since 1973 and have not been changed since then. The spill occurred due to ruptured pipelines across the communitys landscape. The resultant effects are pollution of farmlands, rivers, and destroyed livelihoods.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Agips Oil Spill in Abacheke Community, Nigeria
State or province:Imo State
Location of conflict:Okashikpa Village, Abacheke Community Ohaji/Ebgema Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:Crude oil

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Agip Group from Italy
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, Nigeria

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:-Agip should accept blame for their negligence which has affected farmlands and water.
-Agip should carry out a comprehensive Joint Investigation Visit (JIV) report with other relevant government agencies
-Proper compensation should be given to the affected victims of Agip negligence.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The community has been left without any due compensation from the company. Their destroyed livelihoods have not been recovered, and many farmers and fishermen have left the area to look for alternative means of survival. The oil-rich Niger Delta remains impoverished, with no schools, no health facilities, or basic infrastructure. Most food in the region is imported due to the decades of contamination of the water and soil by oil and gas companies operating in the region.

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA (National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency)

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Environmental Rights Action

Salva le Foreste

Meta information

Contributor:Nnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014