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Algarve Livre de Petróleo, Portugal


Several companies are currently planning to explore for gas and oil in the Algarve, either onshore and offshore (Gulf of Algarve and Gulf of Alentejo). Several contracts to explore, drill and produce petroleum were already granted.

All the companies are currently in the exploration phase, 2D seismic surveys offshore were already done and 3D seismic surveys in several areas, some companies are now preparing the firsts perforations.

The biggest movement in opposition to these projects started in 2015, with the formation of the Algarve Livre de Petróleo platform that demanded the publication of all contracts. After the publication of the contracts, several groups, associations and the regional government declared their opposition to any plans to drill for oil. In November a petition was delivered to the government.

The Algarve Livre de Petróleo platform unites over 10 organizations and aims to completely stop the investigation (and subsequent exploitation) of hydrocarbons, and it argue that oil exploration represents a threat to the environment, biodiversity and the economy. They in fact say "tourism is our oil".

Despite this, it seems the government aims to move ahead with the exploration.

Basic Data

NameAlgarve Livre de Petróleo, Portugal
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Natural Gas

Project Details and Actors

Type of PopulationUnknown
Start Date01/03/2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesRepsol from Spain
PARTEX OIL AND GAS from Portugal
Galp from Portugal
Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (Eni) from Italy
Relevant government actorsGoverno de Portugal (

Entidade Nacional para o Mercado de Combustíveis (
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPlataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo (, an umbrella organization including environmentalists and others entities

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Recreational users
Local businesses
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts, Accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Other socio-economic impacts


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of Alternatives Tourism based economy and small business
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The companies are currently doing research on the area to discover the amount of gas and oil that could be extracted.

Sources and Materials


Decreto-lei 109/94


Dúvidas sobre exploração de petróleo no Algarve marcam debate na Fuzeta

Primeiro ministro diz que prospeção de gás e petróleo no Algarve é para continuar (com vídeo)

Deputados algarvios do PSD apontam «contradições» do Governo na prospeção de Petróleo

Algarve teme vir a ser uma “janela” com vista para as plataformas petrolíferas

Alerta vermelho no Algarve: operação de sondagem de gás e petróleo alarma surfistas

Heloísa Apolónia pede a Portas que assuma "geringonça" do caso Banif

PCP quer renegociação de contratos de concessão da exploração de petróleo

AMAL pretende reverter exploração petrolífera no Algarve

Entidade Nacional para o Mercado de Combustíveis contesta munícipios do Algarve

Há Petróleo em Portugal?

Media Links




Petroleum in Algarve [Video]

Petróleo no Algarve [Video]

The Last Beach [Video]

Other Documents

Onshore - Algarve

Concessões em Portugal

Lotes Disponiveis para Concessionar

Algarve Livre De Petróleo

Outdoor - Para Quê Criar Mau Ambiente

Plataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo

Meta Information

Last update23/08/2016



Lotes Disponiveis para Concessionar


Algarve Livre De Petróleo


Onshore - Algarve


Concessões em Portugal


Plataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo