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Amayapampa and Capasirca's masacre, Bolivia


Description:

En diciembre de 1996 se produjo la masacre de Amayapampa y Capasirca, en el norte de Potosí. Convencidos de que la explotacion capitalista de las minas solo deja socavones vacios, contaminacion ambiental y tierras y rios envenenados con mercurio, las comunidades indigenas quechuas de Bolivia conminaron a la transnacional canadiense Vista Gold Corporation para que abandone la zona y olvide sus intentos de hacerse con la explotación de oro de la mina Amayapampa.

Entre los indigenas y campesinos hay el convencimiento de que las operaciones mineras destruyen a la madre tierra y solo enriquecen a las compañias privadas que se llevan al exterior los minerales y las millonarias ganancias, dejando en la zona de explotacion solo desolacion, pobreza y muerte, con esta conviccion en 1996 se expulso a la empresa, con el costo de 10 muertes entre campesinos y trabajadores en Amayapampa y Capasirca el 19 de diciembre de 1996.

Luego de 12 años de inactividad, en 2008 la empresa fue adquirida por Republic Gold.

En marzo de 2012, el presidente de COMIBOL, declaro que el gobierno se hara cargo de Amayapampa, porque la empresa minera intento por varios años iniciar operaciones sin exito debido a los conflictos que tuvo con las comunidades del lugar.

Keywords: deaths of environmental defenders; COMIBOL

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Amayapampa and Capasirca's masacre, Bolivia
Country:Bolivia
State or province:Potosi
Location of conflict:Amayapampa
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific commodities:
Gold

Project Details and Actors

Project details:

Mina a cielo abierto Reservas 1.1 millones de onzas de oro

Level of Investment:35000000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1200
Start of the conflict:1996
Company names or state enterprises:Vista Gold Corp. from Australia
Republic Gold Limited from Australia
Corporacion Minera de Bolivia (COMIBOL) from Bolivia
Relevant government actors:Gobierno Nacional de Bolivia
International and Finance InstitutionsInter-American Commission on Human Rights
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Indigenous inhabitants

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession

Outcome

Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:El proyecto estuvo parado muchos años debido a la expulsion de la empresa
minera Vista Gold, aun cuando se ha pretendido reabrir la produccion desde 2008.

Sources and Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Nuñez, Rene y Jungwirth C, Oro y sangre de Amayapampa y Capasirca,
http://books.google.com.ec/books/about/Oro_y_sangre_de_Amayapampa_y_Capasirca.html?id=X4JFAAAAYAAJ&redir_esc=y

Web, Constituyente Soberana (Bolivia), Por contaminacion y explotacion, indigenas expulsan a la transnacional Vista Gold, 13.05.2009

Blog, Bolivia Minera, Gobierno busca el control de Ayamapampa,

Tarcaya, F, El proceso historico de la Masacre de Navidad,

de capasirca&hl=es&sa=&Xei=xZ7HT9juA4mGgwe4qOnxDQ&ved=0CC4Q6AEwADgK
http://books.google.com.ec/books?id=m0_SAAAAIAAJ&dq=masacre

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

http://boliviaminera.blogspot.com/2012/03/gobierno-busca-el-control-de-mina.html

http://www.semanarioaqui.com/index.php/lucha-de-nuestros-pueblos-2/2149-cronologia-de-la-masacre-de-amayapampa

http://constituyentesoberana.org/3/noticias/mineria/052009/150509_1.html

Meta information

Contributor:Joan Martinez Alier & Pato Chavez
Last update28/08/2014