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Bashkir Nuclear Power Plant, Russia


Description

Town of Agidel  in northwestern Bashkortostan was built in 1980s for the purpose of hosting the Bashkir nuclear power plant (NPP). The construction of the Bashkir NPP started in 1989-90 but was suspended in 1991 due to environmental concerns by the general public and the Russian anti-nuclear movement, which has emerged after Chernobyl disasters in 1986. The anti-nuclear activists organized protests in front of the House of the Government of the Russian Federation and were supported by eminent scientists who suggested that the area was not apt to host a NPP due to tectonic activities and swamp soil. The Russian authorities decision to mothball construction of Bashkir NPP left half of the inhabitants of Agidel without jobs. 

Although lasted almost 30 years, the suspension of the construction of the Bashkir NPP turned out to be of temporary character since in 1998, the Bashkir parliament abolished the previous decision to stop the construction of the NPP. Although the Bashkir state authorities received support by the Ministry for Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation (MINATOM), they faced lack of money to complete the NPP. The supporters claimed that electricity produced by the NPP was cheap and easily sold in other neighboring republic of Tatarstan and Udmurtia. In addition, in 2000 the Russian government approved a scheme for siting electric power plants to 2030. According to this federal program, the first two power-generating units at the Bashkir NPP are to be commissioned in 2024 and 2027. In 2001, the Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation (ROSATOM) took over the costs of conserving industrial facilities of Bashkir NPP that have not been maintained or secured since the abortion of construction work (80% completed). In 2004, the Bashkir State Assembly appealed to Russian Prime Minister to resolve the issue of financing the construction of the Bashkir NPP and to help launch in 2011 its first block capable to generating 1 million kilowatts of electricity. Their main arguments were that the NPP will help overcome the region's energy shortages and will save 4 million tons of oil a year. However, construction of the Bashkir NPP remains uncertain and one of the most controversial. There are doubts if the station project will meet environmental protection standards, as well as region’s energy shortage was questioned. In addition, there are proposals of building the river port or industrial park as non-nuclear, fast and cheap solutions to unfavorable economic situation in Agidel.

Basic Data

NameBashkir Nuclear Power Plant, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
ProvinceThe Republic of Bashkortostan
SiteAgidel
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Uranium

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsAbout 100 million federal funds were spent annually on the maintenance and protection of the Bashkir NPP buildings under construction.

Construction of the Bashkir NPP will cost 802 million rubles (14 million USD) per year.

2.4 gigawatts is Bashkir NPP’s hypothetical capacity.
Project Area (in hectares)235
Level of Investment (in USD)8,225 billion USD (270 billion Russian rubles)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population16,000 (population of Agidel)
Start Date1980
Company Names or State EnterprisesThe Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation (ROSATOM) from Russian Federation - Owner and investor in the Bashkir NPP
Relevant government actorsThe Russian State Assembly Industry, Construction, Transport, and Communications Committee; The Ministry for Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation (MINATOM); The Bashkir State Assembly; The Bashkir parliament
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRussian Interregional Ecological Public Organization ECA http://ecamir.ru/

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Anti-nuclear movement
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment

Outcome

Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject temporarily suspended
New federal program for development of the nuclear energy; Public consultations are planned
Development of AlternativesAnti-nuclear movement members including eminent scientists suggested that nuclear energy was dangerous especially as the Bashkir NPP was to be built on geologically unstable soil. Besides, the region is not energy deficient and have development options other than nuclear power production such as the river port or industrial park projects.

Supporters of nuclear energy considered it cheap and necessary to overcome the regions energy deficit and provide inhabitants of Agidel with long-awaited jobs.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Although stopped for 30 years, the plan to complete building of the Bashkir NPP had been reactivated by the Russian federal program for development of the nuclear energy. It is not certain if the NPP will be built.

Sources and Materials

Links

Башкирская АЭС
https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C1%E0%F8%EA%E8%F0%F1%EA%E0%FF_%C0%DD%D1

Город-призрак
http://ufa.mk.ru/article/2010/06/16/510289-gorodprizrak.html

Tatar-Bashkir Report: March 15, 2004
https://www.rferl.org/a/1345259.html

Tatar-Bashkir Report: June 1, 2004
https://www.rferl.org/a/1346729.html

Anti-nuclear movement in Russia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-nuclear_movement_in_Russia

Проблемы Агидели: что ждет башкирский город без АЭС
http://archiv.proufu.ru/ekonomika/item/41009-kak-vlasti-reshayut-problemy-bezrabotitsy-v-bashkirii.html

Rosenergoatom Concern and the Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan have signed an Agreement on cooperation
http://m.energyland.info/en/index.php?action=newsview&lang=EN&id=54819&offset=6790&limit=10

Bashkir NPP construction site will open its doors for "Stalkers" from all over Russia
http://www.bashinform.ru/eng/846926/

Bashkir Nuclear Powerplant
http://enipedia.tudelft.nl/wiki/Bashkir_Nuclear_Powerplant

Who needs a nuclear power plant in Bashkortostan?
http://bellona.org/news/nuclear-issues/nuclear-russia/2013-08-feature-who-needs-a-nuclear-power-plant-in-bashkortostan

Media Links

Башкирская атомная станция (АЭС), г.Агидель
http://cavetravel.livejournal.com/39359.html

Башкирская АЭС (АЭС Агидель, АЭС в Башкирии)
http://miraes.ru/bashkirskaya-aes-aes-agidel-aes-v-bashkirii/

Недостроенная Башкирская АЭС
https://nashural.ru/article/travel/nedostroennaya-bashkirskaya-aes/

Other Documents

Entrance to unfinished Bashkir NPP in the town of Agidel The concrete and steelworks of unfinished Bashkir NPP has been accumulating damage due to non-use
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/342009_900.jpg

Protest against construction of the Bashkir NPP Scene from the protest of Russian anti-nuclear movement in 1980s against construction of the NPP in Agidel
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/agid.jpg

Other CommentsSimultaneously with the termination of the construction of the nuclear power plant in Agidel, construction of the NPPs in the Kamsky Glades (Tatarstan), Teplodar (near Odessa), Shelkino (Crimea) and Chisty Borach (Kostroma Oblast) and Rostov were cancelled. In almost all cases, the construction sites were recognized as geologically unstable. At the same time at the insistence of environmentalists, already operating nuclear power plants in Obninsk (in the north of the Kaluga region), Seversk (near Tomsk), Visaginas (Lithuania), Slavutych (near Kiev) and Aktau (in the southwest of Kazakhstan) were stopped. The federal program for development of the nuclear energy, however, contains plans to complete building of as many as possible of named NPPs.

Meta Information

ContributorJovanka Spiric, Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental (CIGA) - Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update27/11/2017

Images

 

Entrance to unfinished Bashkir NPP in the town of Agidel

The concrete and steelworks of unfinished Bashkir NPP has been accumulating damage due to non-use

Protest against construction of the Bashkir NPP

Scene from the protest of Russian anti-nuclear movement in 1980s against construction of the NPP in Agidel