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Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), AP, India


Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), the Indian arm of Brandix from Sri Lanka, is a 1,000 acre apparel park that is recognized as a Special Economic Zone by the government of India. BIAC was inaugurated in May 2010 and developed on ‘fibre to store' concept.

Brandix built a pipeline to dispose industrial effluent that would be released into the Bay of Bengal.

Brandix, in their promotional video available on YouTube [2], states that all the wastewater in the park is processed meeting the strict environmental standards and then discharged into the ocean 9 km away.

The fishermen in the affected areas near Pudimadaka villages, where the pipeline is built, argue that the pipeline has killed all the fish close to the seashore and has forced them to go deeper in the ocean to procure their catch. Being small-scale fishermen, most of these workers lack any equipment or skills to fish in the deep waters. They argue that the Brandix pipeline has caused them to lose their livelihood.

The Pudimadaka fishermen were assured jobs after they lost their livelihood due to the pollution from effluent released by the apparel company. The company assured the fishermen that they would give jobs to 3,000 fishermen of Pudimadaka. However, only 600 of the fishermen from the village were given jobs and even they were removed when the entire Pudimadaka village started agitating against the company.

Now the fishermen are seeking employment in the company and compensation in line with the package the company had promised. To make their demands known they have even started hunger strike in 2013. During a 2011 protest by the fishermen, Human Rights Forum (HRF) extended its support to demands of fishermen who are protesting against BIAC.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), AP, India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
Location of conflict:Pudimadaka Road, Atchutapuram Mandal, Visakhapatnam,
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Shrimps
Chemical products

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Data from the BIAC official website [3]:

Land Area: 13.5 Acres

Factory built up space: 146,000 sq. ft.

Workforce: 3,700 Employees

Production capacity: 4.5 million pcs/month

Product: Underwear

Operation: double shift

Project area:405
Level of Investment:1,000,000,000 [1]
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) from India
Brandix India Apparel City (Pvt) Ltd. (BIAC) from India
Brandix Lanka Limited from Sri Lanka
Relevant government actors:Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:AP Fishers and Fisheries Workers' Union, Human Rights Forum (HRF)

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Potential: Air pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsexposure to various chemicals during the manufacturing of textiles
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Ongoing conflict
Development of alternatives:Mobilizers have obtained a written promise from Brandix on providing jobs, taking up welfare activities, and setting up a committee with a time-frame for submitting its report.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Brandix is still continuing to release waste into the ocean and fishermen are still protesting.

Sources & Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

This issue is referenced in an yet to be released documentary Walls and the Tiger.

Business Human Rights organization

Times of India covering the issue in 2013

The Hindu coverage of the conflict

Uttarakhand’s Furious Himalayan Flood Could Bury India’s Hydropower Program

Public hearing held amid protests

BIAC official webpage

[3] BIAC official webpage data

[1] Times of India, "Apparel City may remain a pipe dream"

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[2] Brandix Promotional Video

Meta information

Contributor:contributed by the team of Walls and the Tiger documentary
Last update18/08/2019