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Chevron Activities Degrade Izombe Community, Nigeria


Izombe community has had its share of the dehumanizing degradation of host communities natural environment ranging from oil spills on the farmlands to gas flares and toxic waste, by multi-national corporations such as Chevron. Chevron have been accused of illegal dumping of toxic waste and unabated oil spills in the area, the people demand that Chevron should take responsibility for total remediation of the area.

The Jisike Regional Development Foundation (JRDF), created out of an initiative of Izombe inhabitants, got Chevron to sign the Global Memorandum of Understanding (GMoU). 

Under the Memorandum requirements, the company built a hospital and a secondary school for girls. Still the Memorandum seems more to be instrumentalized by the company which boasts about its so-called good behavior towards the affected communities. While on the ground Chevron has not been accountable for all the oil spills it provoked in the region, severely polluting farming fertile lands. As they denounce the violation of the Memorandum by Chevron, the locals also decry the civil servants’ and governors’ flagrant corruption. The forgotten and very unsatisfied youth of the region is multiplying vandalism against the oil infrastructures. The very increased social tension has urged the launch of a new project beginning of 2016 led by the Oguta Human Rights Monitoring Committee and implemented by the Cleen Foundation for communities’ empowerment. 

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Chevron Activities Degrade Izombe Community, Nigeria
State or province:Imo State
Location of conflict:Oguta Local Government Area.
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Gas flaring
Specific commodities:Crude oil

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Type of populationSemi-urban
Company names or state enterprises:Chevron Nigeria Limited from Nigeria
Chevron from United States of America
Addaxx Petroleum Limited from China
Sinopec (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation) from China
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation. NNPC, Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, MEND - Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta
CLEEN Foundation
Oguta Human Rights Monitoring Committee

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Threats to use arms


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Oil spills
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
In 2010, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) demanded socio-economic, political and environmental justice for the peoples of the oil region.

Spokesman Jomo Gbomo claimed that government was yet to address the core issues. Gbomo spoke as Izombe, an oil-bearing community in Oguta Local Government Area of Imo State, over what they described as more than three decades of negligence and underdevelopment.
Development of alternatives:Tha people Demands that:
1.Chevron cleans up the oil spills in Izombe community
2. Chevron halts gas flaring in the community
3.Chevron evacuates all suspected toxic substances dumped in the community
4.Chevron adopts best internationally acceptable practices in clean up and remediation of the oil spill impacted sites.
5. Chevron should pay adequate compensation for the displaced community people.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Chevron is yet to clean up the environment, which has caused many to be displaced from their indigenous lands.

Sources & Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Evaluation of the impact of oil spillage on Izombie community and their productivity implications, Osueke, G. O., Emeka-Opara, F. O., October 2014

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Deep in The Republic Of Chevron, N. Onishi, New York Times, 4/07/1999

Nigeria: Chevron Donates Hospital, Other Facilities to Host Communities, All Africa, 12/11/2013

Nigeria: Izombe Indigenes Urge Govt to Repair Refineries, All Africa, 20/03/2015

Imo Clan Protests Against Addaxx, Chevron Oil Companies, 247Ureports, 02/06/2014

Group To Tackle Youth Restiveness In Imo Oil Communities, A., V., Owerri, Nigeria News Flight, 21/01/2016

Other documents

Izombie community protests, in 2014 Source:

Meta information

Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update15/03/2018



Izombie community protests, in 2014