In 2009, the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) has decided to set up an atomic station in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh to generate 1,400 MW power. Madhya Pradesh Power Generating Company Limited (MPPGCL) are the nodal agency to facilitate the execution of the project.
Several organisations and political parties had earlier raised voice against the proposed 1400MW nuclear power plant at Chutka. Most of the affected people are tribals, who were earlier displaced by the 'Bargi Dam'. They are now expected to be displaced again by the proposed nuclear power plant. The people are alleging that the Union and State government have joined hands to proceed with the project ignoring its dangerous consequences. A number of organisations from Bhopal, Jabalpur and elsewhere stood in solidarity with the struggle and campaigned at the grassroots level by organising street plays, poster exhibition and meetings and distributing booklets and handbills with information about nuclear power plants and their disasters elsewhere in the world.
Three Gram Sabhas – Patha, Kunda and Tatighat (Chutka is in one of these) – passed resolutions rejecting the government proposal to set up the nuclear project in their area. According to the Indian law, Mandla District being in Schedule V, rejection by Gram Sabhas means that the project has to be withdrawn, as it is happening in Niyamgiri, Odisha in the case of Vedanta Aluminium.
The protest against Chutka nuclear power plant has crystallised into a strong voice against the nuclear power programme of India. It has also raised question on the bankrupt development paradigm that promotes uninhibited and inequitable consumption of power and also on the role of global corporate capital in pushing nuclear power projects in India.