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Building ban to face coastal erosion, Rincon, Puerto Rico


Description:

It seems that each year, according to a marine science professor at the university of Puerto Rico Mayaguez under the Sea Grant Program, Puerto Rico loses approximately 1.84meters of coast a in a year, give or take. Although this issue affects the whole island we focus here on the coastal area of  Rincon. Coastal erosion has caused severe problems for people that live near the oceanfront given that some of the terrain that they owned is being swallowed by the sea little by little. The Department of Natural Resources (DRNA in Spanish) have yet to come up with a solution that can be applied in the short term to give peace of mind to the population living on the coastal line and who make different claims on the coastal area. It is said that new legislation and regulation is in place to prevent building along the coast, this new regulation states that any infrastructure must be built at a minimum distance of 50 meters from the coast. This has caused an uproar by marine biologist and marine scientist. They state that you can’t regulate building just on the basis of 50 meters, you have to take into consideration the behaviour of the sea and the beach at different times during the year, do an assessment of the different species that inhabit the designated coast, not to remove any kind of vegetation from the coast like palm trees, given that the roots are the ones that hold the land together. This also problematic for local tourist business that thrive on the appeal that beaches and coastal areas have for restaurant or bars located along the coast.  There are large sums of money at stake, for prevention of damage to the extent possible. 

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Building ban to face coastal erosion, Rincon, Puerto Rico
Country:Puerto Rico
State or province:Puerto Rico
(municipality or city/town)Rincon
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific commodities:Tourism services
Land
Sand, gravel
Asphalt
Ecosystem Services
Cement

Project Details and Actors

Project details:

The loss of coastal terrain by an approximate total of 1.84 meters in a year and the conflictive regulatory measures to face it. The affected populations are business owners; beach goers, communities that live on the coast.

Project area:12,100
Level of Investment:9,000,000USD to 12,000,000USD
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:02/06/1986
Company names or state enterprises:Departamento de Recurson Naturales y Ambientales (DRNA) from Puerto Rico - involved in coming up with a long term solution
Relevant government actors:DRNA, LocalMunicipal Agencies
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Sea Grant (http://seagrantpr.org/)

Departamento de Recursos Naturales y Ambientales (http://drna.pr.gov/)

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media
Referendum other local consultations
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Deaths, Occupational disease and accidents, Accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: displacement, Loss of livelihood

Outcome

Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
New legislation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Possible closure of local businesses located along the coast of Puerto Rico, and loss of recreational pier infrastructure.
Businesses would have to temporarily suspend any activity until a solution can be presented or close of any area that is mayorly affected by this phenomenon. Families living on the coast will have to relocate due to possible accident of a crumbling infrastructure
Development of alternatives:To stop building near the coast. Coastal walls is a short term solution brought on by the environmental department of Puerto Rico.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The problem arises with the local goverment and enviromental government agencies giving out construction permits without doing a full evaluation of the impact in a long term situation on the coast and only temporal solutions that in the long term will only aggravate the situation. They have a long term plan that needs millions of USD in funds which is made worse by the fact that Puerto Rico is in a crippling economic depression and with a large public debt.

Sources and Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Resolución del Senado 994(Cabo Rojo)
http://senado.pr.gov/Comunicados%20de%20Prensa%2020132016/rs994-fa.pdf

Law number 23 from 1972 ( the organic law from the enviromental department)
http://drna.pr.gov/historico/biblioteca/leyes/Ley023.pdf/view

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Historical shoreline changes at rincon, Puerto Rico 1936-2006
https://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/pubs/of2007-1017/ofr2007-1017.pdf

Measuring Shoreline Changes in Rincon Beach Using Remote Sensing Techniques
http://gers.uprm.edu/pdfs/topico_pablo1.pdf

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

PR beach Erosion
http://www.beachapedia.org/State_of_the_Beach/State_Reports/PR/Beach_Erosion

Beach Erosion and Coastal Development at Rincón, Puerto Rico
https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/FS-051-96/

Conversan sobre erosión
http://www.uprm.edu/portada/article.php?id=2332

Preocupante erosión en las playas
http://www.primerahora.com/suroeste/noticias/isla/nota/preocupantelaerosionenlascostasderincon-1200881/

DRNA no recomienda soluciones temporeras ante problema de erosión costera
http://drna.pr.gov/noticias/drna-no-recomienda-soluciones-temporeras-ante-problema-de-erosion-costera/

Debaten Problema de erosión en las playas
http://www.elnuevodia.com/noticias/locales/nota/debatenproblemadeerosionenlasplayas-2013846/

Preocupa la erosión en la playas de Puerto Rico
http://www.elnuevodia.com/ciencia/ciencia/nota/preocupalaerosionenlasplayasdepuertorico-2085658/

Historical Shoreline Changes at Rincón, Puerto Rico, 1936-2006
https://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/pubs/of2007-1017/

La erosión costera un reto enorme y costoso para Puerto Rico
http://www.miprv.com/la-erosion-costera-es-un-reto-enorme-y-costoso-para-puerto-rico/

Other documents

Coastal Erosion Rincon Housing infrastructure being swallowed by the tide
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/DSC_0202_1-e1348427237147.jpg

Coastal Erosion Rincon infrastructure and vegetation being swallowed by the tide
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/eda1bb078662fdaa49d88c35ac8fad19.jpg

Coastal Erosion Rincon increase in tidal activity has swallowed coastal terrain and vegetation
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/5685506.jpg

Coastal Erosion Rincon housing infrastructure being swallowed by the tide
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/9a1887dc04ae4f29d7ea765efc63f848.jpg

Meta information

Contributor:Cristian J. Vélez Morales, [email protected], University of Puerto Rico Mayagüez
Last update13/10/2017

Images

 

Coastal Erosion Rincon

Housing infrastructure being swallowed by the tide

Coastal Erosion Rincon

infrastructure and vegetation being swallowed by the tide

Coastal Erosion Rincon

increase in tidal activity has swallowed coastal terrain and vegetation

Coastal Erosion Rincon

housing infrastructure being swallowed by the tide