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Coca-Cola botteling Plant in Dehradun, India


Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages Pvt Ltd (HCCBPL), a bottling partner of Coca-Cola Company in India, will set up a facility to prepare carbonated beverages, juice and fruits-based drinks in Vikasnagar tehsil of Dehradun, Uttarakhand. A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between company officials and State Infrastructure and Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand Ltd (SIDCUL). The company will invest Rs 600 crore in two phases on the project which will come up in 60 acres of land [1]. This has triggered protests by environmentalists who claim that such bottling plants will cause irreparable damage to the environment. Noted environmentalists including Vandana Shiva, Avdhash Kaushal, Anil Prakash Joshi and Chandiprasad Bhatt have already opposed the plant on grounds of its adverse impact on the environment. Even villagers in the project area (60 acres of land in Charba village of Dehradun district) are demanding that the authorities should stop from cutting down trees for the plant. They have asked the state government to constitute a high-level committee to study the environmental impact of such plants being run by the multinational company at 24 different locations across the country. The activists have also asked the state government to find out how these plants had been of benefit to local people. The government has, however, dismissed the apprehensions.

An other conflictual issue is that related to hydel projects. Hydropower industry fears that the bottling plant will put at risk availability of water in the reservoirs (7)

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Coca-Cola botteling Plant in Dehradun, India
State or province:Uttarakhand
Location of conflict:Village-Charba; District-Dehradun
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Deforestation
Water access rights and entitlements
Land acquisition conflicts
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Land
Chemical products
Industrial waste

Project Details and Actors

Project details:

Uttarakhand government would provide 60 acres of land to the company at the rate of Rs 95 lakh per acre. The project is expected to provide direct and indirect employment to around 1,000 people. The plant would initially need 50,000 to 2,00,000 liters of water for its operations. The company claims that it would make use only of river water and not underground water resources, although this is highly feared by local communities.

Project area:24
Level of Investment:97,200,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Company names or state enterprises:Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages Pvt Ltd (HCCBPL) from United States of America
Coca-Cola Company from United States of America
Relevant government actors:State Infrastructure and Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand Ltd , Government of Uttarakhand
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Navdanya, The People’s Science Institute and the Friends of Doon

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP Uttarakhand)
Forms of mobilization:Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
State Unit of Bharatiya Janta party (BJP) announced that they will oppose the project. The party will hit the streets after the forthcoming civic body polls staging dharnas and demonstrations in protest against the proposed project[4].

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:The villagers in the project area have demanded for not cutting down trees for the plant. The activists have asked the state government to constitute a high-level committee to study the environmental impact of such plants. They have also asked the state government to find out how these plants had been of benefit to local people [6]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Although, the Chief Minister assured that the plant will be equipped with all environmental safeguards, Chharba village panchayat passed a resolution declaring they would not allow Coca-Cola to set up bottling plant in the area on environmental grounds [5].

Sources and Materials

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

The Tribune Dehradun

Indian Resource

(7) Coca-colas Dehradun plant: Water supply to hydel projects threatened

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network



Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update03/05/2014