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Dadri Power Project, UP, India


Reliance Power is developing about 10,000 MW of gas based power capacities at multiple locations. Dadri Power Project, located at Dadri, Uttar Pradesh is one of the selected location by Reliance Power where about 7,480 MW gas based power plant is going to be developed. The project is under development [1] In 2009 farmers have started protest marches at the power project site in Dadri. Protestors said that the way the 2,500 acres of highly fertile land was snatched from farmers by sighting the dream of a power project was wrong [2]. They have staged a dharna (sit in protest) in Lucknow, capital of Uttar Pradesh in August 2009 against what they alleged as the 'forceful acquisition of fertile land.’

They have demanded that the land should be returned to them and an alternative site at Dadri be allotted for the mega power project. The fertile land belonged to about thousand farmers' families in seven villages of Dadri who were dependent on it for their livelihood. Farmers' representatives said the acquired land's fertility was attributed to its location. Situated between the Ganga and the Yamuna (called Doab, or the land between two rivers), the land fell within the National Capital Region (NCR) where multiple cropping pattern is followed. [3] Allahabad High Court in December 2009 quashed the State Government's notification for use of emergency powers to buy land for the power unit. The notification was issued under Sec. 6 of the Land Acquisition Act. The petitioners had alleged that cultivable land had been acquired for the project and the compensation at the rate of Rs. 120 per sq. metre paid to the farmers was much below the market rate of Rs. 15,000 per sq. metre. About 2,500 acres had been acquired for the power plant [4] In 2013, Uttar Pradesh State Government announced that they have discontinued the project because of lack of Centre government's support. The government has also claimed that farmers were given due amount for the land and the matter was pending before the court [5, 6]

Basic Data

NameDadri Power Project, UP, India
ProvinceUttar Pradesh
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsDadri Power Project, located at Dadri, Uttar Pradesh. The installation Capacity of the project is 7,480 MW. The project will be gas based project operated by Reliance Power Corporation [1].
Project Area (in hectares)1,011
Level of Investment (in USD)6,459,427,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesReliance Power Ltd from India - part of Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group
Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Uttar Pradesh, Allahabad High Court
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMaharana Sangram Singh Kisan Kalyan Samiti, Dadri., Kisan Manch

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Agitation by the farmers and their representative organisations has been going on in Dadri ever since the Mulayam Singh Government announced its decision to set up the mega power project. Prior to the Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections in 2007, the farmers’ protest was spearheaded by former Prime Minister VP Singh and the Jan Morcha led by its then president, cine actor, Raj Babbar. Later, the reins of the agitation were taken over by Kisan Manch and sundry other farmers’ organisations [3]
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesMuch of the dispute centered on the compensation announced for the farmers. Farmers claimed that compensation given by the government was inadequate. The compensation had been fixed at the rate of Rs. 135 per square metre, whereas the current market rate of land in Greater Noida phase 2 was Rs. 15000 per square metre

Another place where there are about 300 to 400 acres of land was available in Dadri. That land can be allotted for the power plant [3]
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The Allahabad High Court quashed the Uttar Pradesh government s earlier notification for using emergency powers to buy land for the Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group (ADAG) company’s Dadri power project, side-stepping a provision inviting objections from land owners.

The state government will now have to invite objections from farmers, who have the option of either returning the compensation they were paid to reclaim the land or forfeit any claim. Farmers have already given about 2,500 acres for the project.

Farmers who had protested against the land acquisition claimed victory [7].

Sources and Materials


Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation Act (2013)


[1] Dadri Power Project

[2] Dadri farmers up in arms over proposed power project

[3] Dadri farmers protest land acquisition by RPL

[4] Reliance Power’s Dadri project hits road block

[5] R-Power’s Dadri project in limbo

[6] Shivpal blames Centre for Dadri project delay

The curious case of the Dadri power plant

[7] Setback for Reliance Powers Dadri plant

Meta Information

ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014