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Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station, AP, India


To meet the increasing power demand in the state, Andhra Pradesh Power Development Company Limited (APPDCL) planned two Mega Power Projects on fast track basis. These two power plants are; one at Krishnapatnam, in Nellore District and other one in Karimnagar. The plant located at Nellatur village near Krishnapatnam is of Coal based Super Critical Thermal Power Station of 1600 MW (2 x 800 MW). The plant proposed plant at Karimnagar will be gas based combined Cycle Power Plant [3].

Among these two plants, the foundation stone for the power plant at Krishnapatnam was laid down by the Congress president and UPA chairperson Ms. Sonia Gandhi in 2008. The Andhra Pradesh state cabinet took the decision to name the plant after a Dalit leader Damodaram Sanjeevaiah for his significant contribution for the development of Andhra Pradesh state. Hence, the plant was named as Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station [1]. This project is being completed by AP Genco, a public sector power generating company of Andhra Pradesh. After its inauguration AP Genco was expecting that the power plant would be ready for generation by March of 2013 [4]. However, its first unit has been started its operation and connected the Power Grid on March 31, 2014 and the second unit was expected to generate power by July 2014 [5] Surrounding villages of the power plant staged demonstration in December 2011 during the construction of this project. The protestors blocked the plant and stalled the works at the Power Project. They had many demands including suitable compensation and rehabilitation packages for the land owners whose land has been acquired. Beside this they also demanded, regularization of jobs of contractual workers, increase of wages and employment for the local people. According to the protestors, during the land acquisition process, the land owners were assured jobs for local youth including at least one job per family of land looser, insurance coverage for elderly persons of the villages, and accident coverage for the family. However, government did not meet any of those above mentioned promises. Rather many jobs are given to the people from outside the villages. This is the main cause of agitation by the villagers and forced them to protest against the government’s lackadaisical attitude towards the land losers and contract workers [2].

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station, AP, India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
Location of conflict:Village- Nelatur, Krishnapatnam; District- Nellore
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Land

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station is of 2 x 800 MW Coal based Super Critical Thermal Power Station. The project has been developed by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) formed by AP Genco, AP Discoms and Government of Andhra Pradesh [5]. The plant will use both domestic and imported coal at 70:30 ratios. Among the total coal required for the project, 5 million tons per annum (about 71.4 per cent) is expected from Mahanadi Coalfields Limited and 2 million tons per annum (about 28.6 per cent) will be imported. The water requirement of the plant is to be met from the Sea. Desalination process will be used to make the water potable. The AP Genco has constructed the plant on about 1,170 acres of land [3]. One of the units of this power plant has started its production in March 2014 [3]. It is a unique project in the sense that ‘it is the first 800 mw supercritical unit in the State and also first amongst public sector utilities’ [5]

Finance: The German bank provided a loan of Rs. 1,871 crores for the project. Another Rs. 4,786 crore was financed by Power Finance Corporation Ltd. The estimated total cost is about Rs. 8,432 crore [4]

Project area:607
Level of Investment:1,685,701,920 (Rs. 8,432 crore)
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,000
Start of the conflict:12/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Andhra Pradesh Power Development Company Limited from India
APGenco from India
Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) from India
Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) from India - Major contractor of the Project
Navayuga Engineering Company from India - Sea water supply related work
Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Andhra Pradesh
International and Finance InstitutionsKFW Bank from Germany
Power Finance Corporation (PFC) from India
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local villagers
Land loosers
Local Member of Legislative Assembly

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Industrial workers
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Global warming
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood
Potential: Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:The locals are demanding suitable compensation to the land acquired for construction of the power plant. The contractual workers demanded job security, healthcare facilities and technical education and other infrastructure in the village [2]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:According to the protesting villagers, during the land acquisition process, government promised job to one person in a family for the land owners, insurance coverage for aged persons, accidental coverage and immediate compensation under Relief and Rehabilitation package. As per the agreement, the power plant management assured the jobs to about 500 workers including 75 local youth in the plant on contract basis. However, government has failed to fulfill all the above mentioned promises. Instead of job for the locals, workers outside the locality have been hired. Now, their demands include the regularization of services of the casual workers and also a hike in their salary.

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy 2005 Andhra Pradesh

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

U.C Mishra, "Environmental impact of coal industry and thermal power plants in India"

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station

[1] YSR nips expansion plans of Krishnapatnam power plant


[2] The Hindu, "Works stalled at Damodaram Sanjeevaiah power plant"

Seemandhra region set to become power house

Opposition to coal in India

[3] Andhra Pradesh Power Development Company Ltd

[4] Nelatur power plant 1st unit to be ready by 2013

[5] 800-MW unit-I of AP Genco’s Krishnapatnam plant goes on stream

Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station

The Hindu, "Ambiguity over power supply from Krishnapatnam" Feb 2015

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

APGENCO Power Production Start in Krishnapatnam Thermal Power Plant (in Telegu)

Other documents

Sri. Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station Source :

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update25/02/2015



Sri. Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station

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