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Daule Peripa hydropower dam, Ecuador


Description:

The Daule Peripa dam was one of the main components of the Jaime Rolds Aguilera multi-purpose project, the largest and most complex infrastructure project built in Ecuador in the last forty years. It was located on the Daule river, a sub-basin of the Guayas river basin in the Ecuadorian Coast. It started functioning in 1988 and caused huge environmental and social impacts both upstream and downstream. The reservoir flooded one of the country's most fertile areas, which used to be almost entirely devoted to agricultural production for local markets. As a consequence of that, many communities were displaced and some 50,000 were isolated inside dozens of water fringes of the reservoir. These latter communities still live there in conditions of extreme poverty. They started a process of organization in 2004 to demand from the Ecuadorian government redress for the damages suffered.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Daule Peripa hydropower dam, Ecuador
Country:Ecuador
State or province:Guayaquil
Location of conflict:La Manga del Cura, Los Rios, Pichincha, Guayas, Manab
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Land
Water

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Installed capacity of 213 MW yet generates an average of only 80 MW. The dam is 90 meters high and has a water capacity of 6 billion cubic meters.

The artificial basin created by the dam inundated a surface of almost 30,000 hectares of land.

Project area:30,000
Level of Investment:94388100
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:50,000 inhabitants
Start of the conflict:1982
Company names or state enterprises:Union Fenosa from Spain
Agroman from Spain - construction company
Ansaldo Gie SpA, from Italy
Impresit from Italy
Girola from Italy
Lodigiani from Italy
Sacyr from Spain
Icis Impresa Costruzioni from Italy
Idrauliche Stradali SpA from Italy
Equidor SA from Italy - contract to construct the Marcel Laniado De Wind hydropower plant
Salini Impregilo from Italy
Relevant government actors:Comision de Estudios para el Desarrollo de la Cuenca del Rio Guayas-CEDEGE , The Ecuadorian government, Ecuadors Public Debt Audit Commission (Comisin para la Auditora Integral del Crdito Pblico, CAIC)
International and Finance InstitutionsInter-American Development Bank (IADB)
Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF) from Venezuela
The World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Italian Development Funds from Italy
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:FIAN international, Accion Ecolgica, Asociacion Mundial Derecho Ambiental, Instituto de Derecho Ambiental de Mexico, Alianza Mundial de Derecho Ambiental

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
The case was reviewed in the Public Debt Audit commission set up by President Correa in 2008.

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place

Outcome

Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite large environmental and social impacts, the government has not acknowledged them. The project was planned and approved without meaningful public input and local consent and still now these people are totally abandoned.

Sources and Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Corral, Luis. 2006. Sembrando Desiertos. La Deuda Social y Ecolgica generada por el endeudamiento externo en el Projecto de Propsito Mltiple Jaime Roldos Aguilera, Quito, Ecuador.
https://www.internationalrivers.org/node/2510

Gerebizza, Elena. 2009. El proyecto Daule Peripa. Las responsabilidades italianas en la deuda ilegtima de Ecuador. Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale.
http://www.deudaecologica.org/documentos/tipos%20de%20deuda/el_projecto_daule_peripa_crbm.pdf

Celec - 25AÑOS Presa Daule - Peripa 1988-2013
https://www.celec.gob.ec/hidronacion/images/stories/pdf/REVISTA-HIDRONACION-25-A%C3%91OS-PDF.pdf

Chum Kuffo, Alfredo y Germn Jcome. 2006. La lucha por el agua de las comunidades ribereas de la cuenca del ro Guayas. FIAN Informe R 2.
http://www.hic-gs.org/content/files/uploads/ecuador_agua.pdf

Por la Tierra. ESTUDIO DE CASO

Comunidades del embalse Daule-Peripa:

De afectadas a guardianas del agua y la soberanía alimentaria

de los pueblos del Guayas y Manabí
https://porlatierra.org/docs/b64ddf532b3fba2e39b7770ad4a958b4.pdf

Other documents

Presa Principal embalse Daule-Peripa Source: http://ec.geoview.info/presa_principal_embalse_dauleperipa,32164840p
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/Ecu_Daule_dam.jpg

Meta information

Contributor:Sara Latorre
Last update12/04/2019

Images

 

Presa Principal embalse Daule-Peripa

Source: http://ec.geoview.info/presa_principal_embalse_dauleperipa,32164840p