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Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, India


Description:

If manufacturing is India’s (supposed) next big hope, then the Delhi–Mumbai Industrial Corridor is its rousing, inspirational, crowd-pleasing theme song. With the stated goal of making it a ‘global manufacturing and trading hub’, the project is meant to showcase India’s ability in planned urbanisation and world-class manufacturing and services. DMIC is easily the largest infrastructure project to be undertaken in India – at a cost of $100 billion and spanning the states of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Maharashtra, it aims to create infrastructure of the kind rarely seen in India, set up world-class factories and logistics centres, and establish 24 smart cities (seven in the first phase alone) with cutting-edge technology, connectivity across rail, road, port and air, and uninterrupted power. Also on the agenda are skill development of the local populace and generation of three million job opportunities (two million in the manufacturing/processing sectors). The dedicated freight corridor (DFC) covering a length of nearly 1,500 km will support high-speed train connectivity and will run almost parallel to the Delhi–Mumbai Golden Quadrilateral National Highway. Initially, seven nodes (investment regions, IR, and industrial areas IA) in the DMIC states have been taken up for development. In total, 24 such nodes are envisaged which are meant to facilitate business generation with high-quality infrastructure. The corridor starts at Tughlakabad and (now infamous) Dadri in Delhi NCR and ends at Jawaharlal Nehru Port at Mumbai.  The project defines an investment region as a specifically delineated industrial region with a minimum area of around 200 square kilometres; an industrial area is for the establishment of manufacturing facilities for domestic and export-led production with a minimum area of around 100 square kilometres. Some of the projects include the Dholera investment region in Gujarat, a model solar power project in Neemrana, Rajasthan, and integrated industrial townships in Greater Noida and Vikram Udyogpuri (Madhya Pradesh).  Planned urbanisation is a major focus area of the project – for reference, India’s urban population is expected to rise to 36 per cent in 2026, roughly translating into 590 million (greater than the current combined population of the United States and Indonesia). Note that the dedicated freight corridor is being constructed and will be operated by Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL), an SPV that is controlled by the railways ministry.  Officially launched in 2006 by the erstwhile UPA government, the stake in DMIC Development Corporation (DMICDC) – the implementation agency – is divided amongst the Indian government (49 per cent), Japan Bank for International Cooperation (26 per cent), and government financial institutions (the remainder). The government of Japan, aside from providing state-of-the-art technology and expertise to the project, has also pledged financial support to the extent of $4.5 billion in the first phase at a nominal rate of 0.1 per cent – this, together with the $4.5 billion to be provided by the Indian government, will cover for basic infrastructure such as roads, water pipelines, sewage lines, and waste collection. The 90 per cent of the remaining funds is slated to come from private players, ostensibly due to the increased value of the land post the initial development of the infrastructure – a significantly mammoth task and not without a few sceptics. Understandably, the affected states are already jousting for potential investors. For instance, the Greater Noida website encourages investors to put their money in the UP region of DMIC touting its ‘locational advantages’, ‘top-class facilities’, and ‘attractive policies and projects’, among other such priceless qualities.  The exact mechanism of these projections is debatable, information about this mammoth project is scarce, and the desirability and feasibility of this project hasn’t been put to even a farcical public debate. As succinctly articulated by this observer, ‘(DMIC) is also a great example of a project where a study of facts, numbers, statistics and projections are increasingly futile as they are constantly shifting.’ Still, the most amusing aspect of the project is that DMICDC operates out of a hotel room in Hotel Ashok in New Delhi, which seems incongruous with everything that this project stands for – size and bombast. But one can still enjoy this uplifting video created by them.    - See more at: http://causebecause.com/news-detail.php?NewsID=766#sthash.m6fqlrC1.dpuf

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, India
Country:India

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Land acquisition conflicts
Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Deforestation
Oil and gas refining
Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Mega-project solar plants
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Other industries
Specific commodities:Land
Sand, gravel
Biological resources
Domestic municipal waste
Carbon offsets
Ecosystem Services
Live Animals
Electricity
Manufactured Products
Cement
Natural Gas
Chemical products
E-waste
Coal
Water
Industrial waste
Forest, Public services etc

Project Details and Actors

Project details

DELHI – MUMBAI INDUSTRIAL CORRIDOR (DMIC)

Stated Vision:

“To create strong economic base with globally competitive environment” - DMICDC

Stated Project Goals:

1. Double employment potential in 07 years

2. Triple industrial output in 09 years

3. Quadruple exports from the region in 08 – 09 years

Length: 1483 Kms

Area of Influence: 436,486 Square Kms

07 states and 02 Union Territories coming under the project influence area - Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra (States); Diu and Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli (UTs)

10 major cities with over 01 million populations:

Delhi, Greater Mumbai, Faridabad, Meerut, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Pune and Nashik;

06 cities with a population of 0.5 to 01 million:

Ghaziabad, Aligarh, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Bhavnagar, and Bhiwadi.

Funding Agency: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC)

Shareholders: DMICDC - Govt. of India – 49%; Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) – 26%; Housing and Urban; Development Corporation Limited (HUDCO) – 19.9%; India Infrastructure Finance Corporation Limited (IIFCL) – 4.1%; Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) – 1%.

[S. No.] [DMIC States / UTs] [Area under Project Influence Area (Sq. Kms)] [Total Area of Impacted State (Sq. Kms)] [% Total Area of Respective State under PIA]

1. Delhi - [1,483] - [1,483] - [100%]

2. Haryana - [26,410] - [44,212] - [60%]

3. Rajasthan - [198,849] - [342,236] - [58%]

4. Gujarat - [120,706] - [196,024] - [62%]

5. Maharashtra - [56,760] - [307,713] - [18%]

6. Dadra and Nagar Haveli - [491] - [491] - [100%]

7. Daman and Diu - [122] - [122] - [100%]

8. Uttar Pradesh - [28,265] - [238,566] - [12%]

9. Madhya Pradesh - [2,866] - [308,144] - [1%]

10. Uttarakhand - [533] - [53,566] - [1%]

Total of all States under influence - [436,486] - [1,492,557] - [29.2%]

Ref. DMIC Concept Paper available at http://www.dmicdc.com/frmDownloads.aspx?pgid=43

Nodes [Investment Region (IR) / Industrial Area (IA)]:

Dadra - Noida - Ghaziabad (IR, 01, UP);

Meerut - Muzaffarnagar (IA, 02, UP);

Faridabad - Palwal (IA, 03, Haryana);

Kundli - Sonepat (IR, 04, Haryana);

Rewari - Hissar (IA, 05, Haryana);

Manesar - Bawal (IR, 06, Haryana);

Khushkhera - Bhiwadi - Neemarana (IR, 07, Rajasthan);

Jaipur - Dausa (IA, 08, Rajasthan);

Ajmer - Kishangarh (IR, 09, Rajasthan);

Rajsamand - Bhilwara (IA, 10, Rajasthan);

Pali - Marwar (IA, 11, Rajasthan);

Vadodara - Ankleshwar (IA, 13, Gujarat);

Bharuch - Dahej (IR, 14, Gujarat);

Surat - Navsari (IA, 15, Gujarat);

Valsad - Umbergaon (IA, 16, Gujarat);

Dhule - Nardhana (IR, 17, Maharashtra);

Gatpuri - Nashik - Sinnar (IR, 18, Maharashtra);

Pune - Khed (IA, 19, Maharashtra);

Alewadi / Dighi Port (IA, 20, Maharashtra);

Neemuch - Nayagaon (IA, 21, Madhya Pradesh);

Shajapur - Dewas (IA, 22, Madhya Pradesh);

Ratlam - Nagda (IR, 23, Madhya Pradesh);

Pithampur - Dhar - Mhow (IR, 24, Madhya Pradesh).

Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park (Maharashtra)

Total Area (Sq. Kms) – 84;

Early Bird Projects: Shendra – Bidkin Mega Industrial Park, near Aurangabad; Mega Industrial Park at Dhule; Consultants: M/s AECOM, Hong Kong

Smart Cities:

The Global City Project, Haryana: Area – 1100 acres close to Gurgaon; Multi Modal Logistics City at Rewari: Area – 900 acres; Indore; Dholera; Ajmer

Cities for long term growth [Integrated Industrial Townships and Others]:

Muzaffarnagar; Rewari; Hissar; Ajmer; Valsad; Khed; Ratlam

Railway:

Northern Central Railway; Western Railway; Delhi – Mumbai Rail Route; Ahmedabad – Mumbai and Jaipur – Delhi – Amritsar High Speed Passenger Rail Connectivity through PPP mode.

Waterways:

Bharuch to Hoshangabad – Narmada River [Identified]

Proposed Inland Waterways:

07 inland waterways projects proposed

Indira Gandhi Canal, Rajasthan (NW 45); Jawai River, Udaipur, Rajasthan (NW 48); Luni River, Rajasthan (NW 63); Mahi River, MP – Rajasthan – Gujarat (NW 66); Narmada River, Gujarat – Maharashtra – MP (NW 73); Sabarmati River, Gujarat (NW 87); Tapi River, Gujarat (NW 100).

International Airports:

03 Active International Airports

Delhi; Ahmedabad; and Mumbai [Active]

Domestic Airports:

08 Active domestic Airports

Udaipur; Vadodara; Pune; Surat; Jaipur; Aurangabad; Indore; and Ajmer [Active]

Proposed Airports:

03 Greenfield airports proposed out of total 06 proposed airports

Dholera [Greenfield]; Neemrana [Greenfield]; Ankleshwar; Kishangarh; Navi Mumbai international airport [Greenfield]; New Pune international airport.

Ports:

Mumbai; Jawaharlal Nehru Port, Mumbai; Ratnagiri; Magdalla; Hazira; Rewas; Dharamtar; Bhavnagar; and Jafrabad.

JNPT and Mumbai port are the major ports.

Dry Ports:

Rubhana, near Bhiwadi, Rajasthan [Proposed]

Reviewed Ports:

Gujarat – Kandla, 21 minor and intermediate ports are divided into 10 groups viz. Mandvi group (3 ports); Navlakhi group; Bedi group (4 ports); Okha group / Rupen Beyt; Porbandar group; Veraval group (5 ports); Pipavav group (3 ports); Bhavnagar group (2 ports); Bharuch group (3 ports); Magdalla group (8 ports)

Maharashtra – Maharashtra govt. has decided to develop 07 minor ports viz. Rewas – Aware; Dighi; Jaigad; Anjanwel (Dabhol); Alewadi; Ganeshgule; Vijaydurg; and Redi. Of these, the development of Rewas – Aware; Dighi ports are already in progress through private sector participation.

Maharashtra maritime board (MMB) has given priority to the development of ports, Alewadi [Thane]; Rewas – Aware [Raigad]; Anjanvel [Dabhol]; Ganeshgule and Jaigad [Ratnagiri]; Vijaydurg and Redi [Sindhudurg]

Greenfield ports [proposed]:

Maharashtra (all weather ports):

Bandra; Mora; Rajpuri; Ratnagiri and Vengurla.

Gujarat:

Simar; Mithivirdhi; Vansi Borsi; Maroli; Bedi; Alang; Jageshwar (Dahej); Bhavnagar; Mahuwa; Navlakhi; Veraval and Mandvi.

Captive port terminals under operation by private industry: Maharashtra

1. Panvel (Ulwa – Belapur) – Gujrat Ambuja Cement Ltd.

2. Dharmatar – Ispat Industries Ltd.

3. Revdanda – Vikram Ispat Ltd.

4. Ratnagiri (Pawas – Ranpar) – Finolex Industries Co. Ltd.

Gujarat

1. Pipavav – Mearsk Sealand

2. Hazira – Shell Gas

3. Mundra – Adani Ports Ltd.

Gujarat maritime board owned ports:

Okha; Porbandar; Navlakhi; Rozi / Bedi; Bhavnagar; Mahua; Alang; and Dahej [Mainly in the Gulf of Kutch and the Gulf of Cambay].

Highways:

NH8 (Delhi – Kishangarh); NH79A (Ajmer bypass); NH79 (Nassirabad – Chittaurgarh); NH76 (Chittaurgarh – Udaipur); NH8 (Udaipur – Mumbai); NH71B (Bhiwadi)

Comes under Golden Quadrilateral; Six lane expressway from Ahmedabad to Dholera [Proposed]

Metro:

Ahmedabad to Dholera [Proposed]

Power:

1. Gas based Power Plants of capacity 1000 – 1200 MW each Sites:

Ville Bhagad, District Raigad, Maharashtra; Chainpura, District Guna, Madhya Pradesh; Indapur, District Pune, Maharashtra; Vaghel, District Patan, Gujarat; Rajpur – Shahpur, District Mehsana, Gujarat

2. Model Solar Power Project – Neemrana, Rajasthan [Proposed]

Nuclear Reactors:

Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant – Total Installed Capacity: 470 MWe (existing) + 1000 MWe (Proposed); Water Requirement: 120 Cusecs + 72.5 Cusecs [Fresh Water]; Source of Water: Karkrapar Left Bank Canal (Takes off from Karkrapar Weir on the River Tapti); Release of Water: Moticher Lake; Population: 22,383 (within 16 Kms of radius)

Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant – Total Installed Capacity: 1180 MWe (existing) + 1400 MWe (Proposed); Water Requirement: Source of Water: Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Gandhi Sagar Dam.

Tarapur Nuclear Reactor – Total Installed Capacity: 1400 MWe (existing); Source of Water: Sea Water.

For more details, Please refer to Dossier on Industrial Corridors in next section.

Level of Investment:More than 100,000,000,000.00
Type of populationUnknown
Affected Population:Over 180 Million
Start of the conflict:01/01/2010
Company names or state enterprises:Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation (DMICDC) from India - Planning and Implementation
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Industries, Ministry of Urban Development, NITI Ayog, Several State Governments, Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited (HUDCO), India Infrastructure Finance Corporation Limited (IIFCL), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)
International and Finance Institutions Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) from Japan
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) from Japan
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Corridor Virodhi Sangharsh Abhiyan, National Alliance of Peoples' Movements, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti, Sarvahara Jan Andolan, ICAN, INSAF, Ghar Bachao Ghar Banao Andolan, Gujarat Khedut Samaj, Jagatikaran Virodhi Kruti Samiti, Gujarat Sarvodya Mandal, Kisan Sangharsh Samiti, Jan Sangharsh Vahini

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Landless peasants
Farmers
Social movements
Fisher people
Trade unions
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local scientists/professionals
Industrial workers
Project affected communities
Informal workers
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Air pollution, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Occupational disease and accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Specific impacts on women
Other socio-economic impactsRise in economic inequality, Caste conflict

Outcome

Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Due to agitations, the status of outcomes are different at different places. At some places its put on a hold, in others work is continuing and so on.

Sources & Materials

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Maharashtra villagers protest against DMIC project
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/maharashtra-villagers-protest-against-dmic-project/article4608636.ece

Genesis of Protest against DMIC – NAPM
https://dmaicindia.wordpress.com/2013/07/06/genesis-of-protest-against-dmic-napm/

Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor: people oppose Manesar-Bawal segment of project at public hearing
http://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/delhimumbai-industrial-corridor-people-oppose-manesarbawal-segment-of-project-at-public-hearing-42655

Indore: DMIC’s early bird projects moves at snail’s pace
http://www.hindustantimes.com/indore/indore-dmic-s-early-bird-projects-moves-at-snail-s-pace/story-K2Qo3O9ZiDAEZcrCbtNvMI.html

Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor is running into multiple mutinies over land acquisition
http://scroll.in/article/746265/delhi-mumbai-industrial-corridor-is-running-into-multiple-mutinies-over-land-acquisition

Make in India: Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor to invite first anchor investors in August
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/51015748.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst

DMIC Virodhi Sangharsh Yatra Culminates with National Convention on DMIC: Facts and Myths
http://www.sruti.org.in/?q=news-media/dmic-virodhi-sangharsh-yatra-culminates-national-convention-dmic-facts-and-myths

Reports from NAPM Mumbai-Delhi Sangharsh Yatra

March 20, 2013



DMIC Virodhi Sangharsh Yatra Culminates with National Convention on DMIC: Facts and Myths

DMIC is not about development but resource grab and corporate profit

19th March 2013, New Delhi
http://sanhati.com/articles/6226/

Delhi-Mumbai Sangharsh Yatra

(alongside proposed Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, March 8 – 19, 2013)

Against indiscriminate acquisition of agricultural land, massive displacement, undermining sovereignty of gram sabhas and colossal loss of life and livelihood
http://napm-india.org/delhi-mumbai-sangharsh-yatra/

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (India in 5 years)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mfgjh3b4qYQ

Future of India 2040 - A film on the Delhi Mumbai Industrial corridor
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Szui3fkIVyY

Villagers claim protest against Dholera SIR a political stunt
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5upUoFuc40

Farmer's Protest against SIR Project at Dholera
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBhYeRrKShM

Building India -Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Infra Projects (DMIC) Driving Growth
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qi1trNbflKg

India's next phase of growth: DMIC Project
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AuYqfc3rr6o

Phase I of Del-Mum Industrial Corridor to be done 2019: CMD



Phase I of Del-Mum Industrial Corridor to be done 2019
http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/business/phase-idel-mum-industrial-corridor-to-be-done-2019-cmd_1173250.html

Other documents

https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/SAM_4519.JPG

Industrial Corridor: Current Status
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/current_Status.pdf

DMIC: Overview Last updated in April, 2016
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/20160422_IC_DMIC.pdf

DELHI – MUMBAI INDUSTRIAL CORRIDOR A Hype-Busting analysis

5 true stories from the project that never made it to headlines.

Compiled by Rishit Neogi
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/DMIC_Report_I_Rishit.pdf

The DMIC plan Source: http://causebecause.com/news-detail.php?NewsID=766
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/India_Delhi-Mumba_corridor.jpg

DMIC New Industrial regions
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/DMIC.jpg

INSIDE RFCTLARR ACT, 2013 [Last updated in Feb, 2016] STATEWISE ANALYSIS OF STATE LAND ACQUISITION RULES, NOTIFICATIONS, DRAFT LAND ACQUISITION RULES, & NEW STATE LAND ACQUISITION BILLS
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/20160129_INSIDE_RFCTLARR_ACT__2013_Statewise_Analysis_of_Land_Acquisition_Rules.pdf

Meta information

Contributor:Himshi Singh ([email protected]), National Alliance of Peoples' Movements
Last update22/12/2016

Images

 

The DMIC plan

Source: http://causebecause.com/news-detail.php?NewsID=766

DMIC

New Industrial regions