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Dugarajapatnam Port, Andhra Pradesh, India


Government of India in its recent initiative to upgrade its sea ports in-terms of cargo handling capacity has initiated measures to build two new ports. The first one will be in Andhra Pradesh and the second one will be in West Bengal. For this purpose government has set up an Empowered Committee of Secretaries to do the feasibility study and ensure smooth implementation. Both the ports will be developed and operated under the Public Private Partnership model. These two proposed projects are considered as Major Ports hence they will come under the direct jurisdiction of government of India. Engineering Consultancy Company RITES has completed the feasibility report for both the proposed ports [1].

The proposed port in Andhra Pradesh will be located at village Durgarajapatnam. It is located in Vakadu Mandalam of Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh [2]. The tentative cost for Dugarajapatnam port has been estimated at Rs. 7988 crore by the Technical Committee set up by Ministry of Shipping [3].

Protestors under the banner of the Ramayapatnam Port Sadhana Samiti(RPSS) joined by activists of different political parties to protest against the site of the proposed port. According to the agitators, if the port will be located at Dugarajapatnam, it will threaten the natural habitat of over three lakh migratory birds, including flamingos and grey pelicans and affect the livelihood over 40,000 fishermen. RPSS would move the National Green Tribunal soon against the Centre’s proposal to locate the new port at Dugarajapatnam [4].

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Dugarajapatnam Port, Andhra Pradesh, India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
Location of conflict:Village -Durgarajapatnam; Mandalam- Vakadu
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land

Project Details and Actors

Project details

The project will be developed as SPV model wherein the Centre would pitch in with 74% and the balance 26% would be the contribution from the state government. The projects are likely to cost around Rs7,500 crore [7].

Project area:1,682
Level of Investment:890,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:40,000
Start of the conflict:2013
Company names or state enterprises:RITES Limited from India
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Ministry of Shipping, National Green Tribunal, Telegu Desham Party , Communist Party of India , Bharatiya Janata Party
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Ramayapatnam Port Sadhana Samiti (RPSS)

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) raised concerns on the development of a new port at Dugarajapatnam because of its proximity to the satellite launch centre at Sriharikota [5]
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Members of the Ramayapatnam Port Sadhana Samiti (RPSS) would move the National Green Tribunal soon against the Centre’s proposal to locate the new port at Dugarajapatnam in the neighbouring Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore district, close to the Pulicat Lake, an avian paradise [4]


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Development of alternatives:Protestors are in favour of the State government’s recommendation to locate the port at near by palce Ramayapatnam instead of Dugarajapatnam [4]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The port, if located at Dugarajapatnam, would threaten the natural habitat of over three lakh migratory birds, including flamingos and grey pelicans. and affect the livelihood over 40,000 fishermen [4]

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The Major Port Trusts Act, 1963

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2]Dugarajapatnam – The Future Smart City of India

[3] India to set up two more major ports

[4] Green tribunal to be moved against port at Dugarajapatnam

[5] Dugarajapatnam in Andhra Pradesh to have new major port

[6] Dugarajapatnam Port to get 5,000 acres land to start with

[7] Will Dugarajapatnam Port be taken up by the SPV Model?

[1] India initiates development of Dugarajapatnam and Sagar Island ports

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

India to set up 2 ports in Dugarajapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and Sagar in West Bengal

Is it Ramayyapatnam or Duggarajupatnam in Andhra Pradesh for the Second Port? (in Telegu)

Centre OKs Durgarajapatnam for NEW Port in Nellore in Andhra Pradesh

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014