Please zoom in or out and select the base layer according to your preference to make the map ready for printing, then press the Print button above.

Enstedsværket in Aabenraa, Denmark


Enstedværket in Aabenraa, Denmark is a power plant fired up with oil and coal. In 2013 Dong Energy decided to shut down the power plant and sell it to the municipality of Aabenraa [1][2]. Block 2 in the power plant has already been demolished, and Block 3 with its 134.000 square meters is expected to be finished in 2020 [3].

Next to the power plant there is a coal- and oil harbor, in which it is possible to receive fully loaded coal carriers. Dong Energy sold the coal harbor to Vattenfall in 2014 [4]. Enstedværket has the biggest coal- and oil harbor in Northern Europe and it is still actively being used by Vattenfall. The coal is transported in special bulk frames, which can accommodate 10,000 tones of coal. Vattenfall is still delivering coal to three power plants in Denmark [5].

In 2016 and 2017 a small group of environmental activists from KlimaKollektivet (the Climate Collective) broke into the closed power plant at Enstedværket as an act of civil disobedience and put up banners that said ‘Nul Kul’ (No Coal) and ‘System Change’ [6] [7]. Each year in April, Vattenfall has its shareholders meeting and in the days up to the meeting, the activists have been trying to create awareness of the company’s lacking transition to sustainable energy, as they have otherwise stated they would be doing [8] [9]. For more than 30 hours, the activists occupied the bulk frames that are used to transit coal, by chaining themselves to the conveyor belts so that the ship cannot be loaded [7].

While occupying the power plant, they made a short film about how to block a coal harbor, while filming themselves entering and describing their actions in order to inspire others to do the same [10]. The Climate Collective also made a video, where they are pretending to work for Vattenfall presenting their true annual report at a yearly meeting. Speaking on behalf of Vattenfall they change their strategies and sell all their power plants while apologising for harming the environment, creating climate change, and encourage everyone to partake in the fight for climate justice [11].

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Enstedsværket in Aabenraa, Denmark
State or province:Region Syddanmark
Location of conflict:Aabenraa
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Coal

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Project area:29
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:26/06/2016
Company names or state enterprises:NUON from Netherlands
Dong Energy from Denmark - Owner of the plant until 2013
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:KlimaKollektivet (Climate Collective):

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media
Occupation of buildings/public spaces


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Global warming
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Awareness of the hypocrisy of the company Vattenfall in their lacking actions
Development of alternatives:The Climate Collective believes that climate change and the greater climate crisis are just symptoms of a larger problem: The climate crisis is just one of the injustices and inequalities brought about by capitalism. Hence, the Climate Collective sees the struggle against climate change as part of a larger struggle against capitalism.
They want system change, not climate chang: keep the coal in the hole (and every other fossil fuel).
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The coal harbor has not been shut down, however, the Climate Collective have managed to create a lot of attention on what is going on and put a lot of pressure on Vattenfall.

Sources & Materials

[1] Dong Energy's website

[5] Climate Collective about coal and climate change

[7] Climate Collective about the blockade

[8] Danish media, DR

[2] Danish media, Ingeniøren

[9] Local newspaper, FlensborgAvis

[3] Local newspaper, JydskeVestkysten


[6] Local newspaper, JydskeVestkysten

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[10] How to block a coal harbor by the Climate Collective

[11] Vattenfalls true annual report by the Climate Collective

Meta information

Contributor:Daria Rivin, intern at the EJ Atlas: [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019



Occupation of the coal harbor

Photo by the Climate Collective

System change not climate change

Activists from the Climate Collective putting up banners on the coal harbor at Enstedværket: system change and nul kul (no coal). Foto by Lars Salomonsen

Activists occupying the conveyor belts. Photo: Climate Collective

The coal harbor.

The coal harbor. Photo by the Climate Collective

'Shut down that coal harbor', 'Vattenfall sells blood coal from Colombia'. Photo: Climate Collective