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FACE Project: Rehabilitation of Mt. Elgon and Kibale National Park, Uganda


Started in 1994 and receiving initial USAID funding in collaboration with the Uganda Wildlife Foundation (UWA) the objectives of this carbon project were to implement forestry regeneration in the Mt. Elgon and Kibale National Parks, through the planting of twenty native tree species. Although these are as yet unverified by the CDM board(the projects have submitted PDDs) and are currently transacted under the Voluntary Carbon Standard(VCS) with Forest Stewardship Council(FSC) accreditation, the incentives created by the CDM have formed a large part of the motivation for their implementation.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:FACE Project: Rehabilitation of Mt. Elgon and Kibale National Park, Uganda
Location of conflict:Kibale and Mt Elgon
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:REDD/CDM
Specific commodities:Carbon offsets

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Although these are as yet unverified by the CDM board (the projects have submitted PDDs) and are currently transacted under the VCS with FSC accreditation, the CDM has incentivized its implementation. The FACE (Forests Absorbing Carbon Dioxide Emission) foundation was created in 1990, as an initiative of four major Dutch electricity companies of the Dutch Electricity Generating Board. The company has two projects at Kibale national park and at Mount Elgon National Park. Both have had particularly turbulent project histories including human rights abuses which have marred their implementation processes. The Mt Elgon project involves the planting of20 native tree species over a total area of 27 000 ha, sequestering 700 000 tCO2Fe over its 17 year tenure. In 1992 and 1993, forest dwellers and peasants evicted, under the World Banks Forestry Rehabilitation Project, co-financed by the EU, followed by evictions in 2002.

Project area:27000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1992
Company names or state enterprises:Dutch Electricity Generating Board from Netherlands
Uganda Wildlife Foundation from Uganda
International and Finance InstitutionsForests Absorbing Carbon Dioxide Emission foundation (FACE)
World Bank Forestry Rehabilitation Project
US Agency for International Development (USAID)
Uganda Wildlife Foundation (UWA) from Uganda
Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)
European Union (EU)

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Land occupation
Dissemination of Hidden Transcripts


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:It is unclear whether everyday acts of resistance have improved conditions for people in the area.

Sources & Materials

Face -the Future Project

World Rainforest Movement

Meta information

Contributor:Patrick Bond
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:823