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Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant, India


Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd (NPCIL) has selected Gorakhpur village (around 175 km from Delhi) in Fatehabad district of Haryana to set up the state’s first 4X700 mw nuclear power plant. The plant will be set up over 1,300 acres and will consume about 50 tonne of uranium annually, with about 700 officials/officers working in this plant. The project is likely to entail an investment of around Rs 12,000-14,000 crore over a period of time. It will be a green project with zero emission, thus having no health hazard even from radiation. The state government has assured supply of 320 cusec of water for the project. The land will be acquired by the state government around the villages of Kajalheri, Gorakhpur and Kumharia in Fatehabad. Adequate compensation and annuity will be provided to the landowners. The site has been approved keeping in mind factors like availability of land and water, and also its distance from populated places. Terming the project as completely safe, NPCIL officials assure the nuclear radiations won’t be harmful at all.

The villagers turned up in huge numbers to denounce the nuclear power plant since 2009. The angry protest of Haryana villagers demanded an end to nuclear power signifies the unity of the struggle. Their primary concerns were agricultural land acquisition, water and health hazard.

The in-principle clearance for the project was given in October 2009. At the beginning, some of the villagers welcomed the project, thinking that their land prices would go up, but from August 2010 they have strongly resisted the project, and the Kisan Sangharsh Samity (Organization for Farmers’ Struggles) was formed, and has held a continuous sit-in protest in front of the mini-secretariat at Fatehabad town from August 17, 2010 onwards.

With the proposed nuclear power plant, the agricultural economy that supports tens of thousands of people is likely to collapse, as much of the water from the Bhakra branch canal will be sucked in by the plant for its cooling requirement.

As the proposed site is hardly 150 kilometers from Delhi, any accident or major radioactive leakage will carry its effects to the doorstep of Delhi and the National Capital Region. Radioactive fall-out in the case of the Fukushima reactor accidents was minimized because of the Pacific Ocean and the prevailing winds.

Basic Data

NameGorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant, India
SiteGorakhpur, Fatehabad
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific Commodities

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsThe total capacity of the nuclear power plant will be 2,800 MW power plant when in operation. A total of 608.5 hectares of land is required for the project. Most of the land being acquired is agricultural land in Gorakhpur and adjoining villages of Badopal and Kajalheri.

Project Area (in hectares)607.028
Level of Investment (in USD)2,086 Million
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected PopulationMore than 30,000
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesNuclear Power Corporarion of India Ltd (NPCIL) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, Haryana Government, Haryana Pollution State Control Board
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersKisan Sangharsh Samit

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationLand occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesActivists are requesting to immediately withdraw the land acquisition notice for the project and initiate a dialogue.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Conflict of interest that has been identified in the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) process for nuclear facilities of the proposed atomic power plant in Fatehabad.

Also, the collusion between the administration and the NPCIL was reported.

Trust deficit between government and people.

Sources and Materials


'Nuclear Shadow Over Delhi: the Struggle against the proposed Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant', Intercultural Resources, DUTTA Soumya , JAN VIGYAN JATHA Bharat

General VK Singh to lead protest at Gorakhpur nuclear power plant

Open Letter to Haryana CM on Forced Land Acquisition for Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant, Fatehabad

Haryana’s first N-power plant to come up at Fatehabad village

Fake Public Hearing of Haryana Nuclear Power Plant Denounced

HC rejects petitions against nuclear plant in Haryana village

Gorakhpur nuclear power plant makes headway

Seminar on Intensifying Movement against proposed Gorakhpur Nuclear Plant in Fatehabad, Haryana.

Media Links

Public hearing for Nuclear Power Plant of NPCIL in Gorakhpur, Haryana

Meta Information

ContributorSohan Prasad Sha
Last update26/06/2014