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Haripur Nuclear Power Plant, India


During his visit to Russia, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had signed an agreement with the Russian government for collaboration on setting up five nuclear plants in the country, including the one at Haripur.

The project was given environment clearance by the Centre Government and land in Haripur was allotted to Russian company Rosatom for developing a nuclear park. Local farmers and fishermen, supported by a number of NGOs, launched an agitation against the project fearing eviction and loss of livelihood. Strong resistance against the proposed Haripur nuclear power plant in West Bengal has forced the state government to reject the union government’s proposal.

Basic Data

NameHaripur Nuclear Power Plant, India
ProvinceWest Bengal
SiteVillage- Haripur, District- East Medinipur
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity


Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsHaripur is expected to have six nuclear reactors each of 1650 MW- a total installed capacity of 10,000 MW of electricity. It is located in the coastal area of Contai, East Midnapur district, roughly 170 km away from Kolkata.
Project Area (in hectares)410
Level of Investment (in USD)0
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population80,000-100,000
Start Date18/08/2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesRosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom) from Russian Federation
National Power Corporation from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of West Bengal, Central Government of India
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPopular science movements

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)


Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.West Bengal government has taken decision that the government will not allow the proposed nuclear power plant at Haripur in East Midnapore district.

Power Minister Manish Gupta said that the state government has decided to scrap the proposal for a nuclear power plant at Haripur.

Sources and Materials


Raminder Kaur A ‘nuclear renaissance’, climate change and the state of exception The Australian Journal of Anthropology Volume 22, Issue 2, pages 273–277, August 2011


No nuclear power plant at Haripur: West Bengal government

West Bengal government rules out Haripur nuclear project

No decision to shift nuclear plant from Haripur: Govt

Lessons from the Haripur anti-nuclear struggle

Haripur nuclear power plant becomes bone of contention

Haripur: Land for Nuclear Plant

Lessons from the Haripur anti-nuclear struggle

Media Links

Anti Nuclear power Public Protest 28 November 2006 at Junput Bus stand, Purba Medinipur,WB

Haripur says no to nuclear power

Other Documents

Protest against Haripur nuclear plant in Kolkata (22 December 2010) Source :

Meta Information

ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/10/2014



Protest against Haripur nuclear plant in Kolkata (22 December 2010)

Source :