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Haripur Nuclear Power Plant, India


During his visit to Russia, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had signed an agreement with the Russian government for collaboration on setting up five nuclear plants in the country, including the one at Haripur.

The project was given environment clearance by the Centre Government and land in Haripur was allotted to Russian company Rosatom for developing a nuclear park. Local farmers and fishermen, supported by a number of NGOs, launched an agitation against the project fearing eviction and loss of livelihood. Strong resistance against the proposed Haripur nuclear power plant in West Bengal has forced the state government to reject the union government’s proposal.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Haripur Nuclear Power Plant, India
State or province:West Bengal
(municipality or city/town)Village- Haripur, District- East Medinipur
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity


Project Details and Actors

Project details:

Haripur is expected to have six nuclear reactors each of 1650 MW- a total installed capacity of 10,000 MW of electricity. It is located in the coastal area of Contai, East Midnapur district, roughly 170 km away from Kolkata.

Project area:410
Level of Investment:0
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:80,000-100,000
Start of the conflict:18/08/2006
Company names or state enterprises:Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom) from Russian Federation
National Power Corporation from India
Relevant government actors:Government of West Bengal, Central Government of India
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Popular science movements

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)


Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:West Bengal government has taken decision that the government will not allow the proposed nuclear power plant at Haripur in East Midnapore district.

Power Minister Manish Gupta said that the state government has decided to scrap the proposal for a nuclear power plant at Haripur.

Sources and Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Raminder Kaur A ‘nuclear renaissance’, climate change and the state of exception The Australian Journal of Anthropology Volume 22, Issue 2, pages 273–277, August 2011

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

No nuclear power plant at Haripur: West Bengal government

West Bengal government rules out Haripur nuclear project

No decision to shift nuclear plant from Haripur: Govt

Lessons from the Haripur anti-nuclear struggle

Haripur nuclear power plant becomes bone of contention

Lessons from the Haripur anti-nuclear struggle

Haripur: Land for Nuclear Plant

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Anti Nuclear power Public Protest 28 November 2006 at Junput Bus stand, Purba Medinipur,WB

Haripur says no to nuclear power

Other documents

Protest against Haripur nuclear plant in Kolkata (22 December 2010) Source :

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/10/2014



Protest against Haripur nuclear plant in Kolkata (22 December 2010)

Source :