Basque Y is the high-speed rail network being built between the three cities of the Basque Country autonomous community, in Spain; Bilbao, Vitoria-Gasteiz and Donostia-San Sebastián. It will transport cargo and passengers. It will connect Madrid via Valladolid and connect France via Irun. Meanwhile the French high-speed rail line (on which the TGV trains achieve their top speeds) is not planned to reach Hendaye until 2020. The network will also include a connection to the Navarrese Corridor, the high speed line projected between Zaragoza and the capital of Navarre, Pamplona.
The provision was to launch the railway on 2013 but the cuts on the budget have delayed considerably the project.
There has been huge criticism coming from several social groups namely: political parties, unions, ecologists and local community associations.
In the late 2000s the armed group ETA –no longer active since 2011- stepped into the conflict bombing offices or machinery from some companies responsible of the works and killing the owner of one of them. Hence, activists suffered extra repression coming from state forces.