Jasodharpur Industrial Area (JIA) was started in 1996-1997. The area is located near Kotdwar town of Pauri Garhwal district in Uttarakhand. There are about 20 steel production plant located in the cluster owned by the Infrastructure and Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIDCUL).
Local residents started protesting against the pollution caused by the industries located in the area since 2008. People are mainky worried about the air pollution and improper solid waste disposal. Following protest, Uttarakhand Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board (UEPPCB) had not taken proper measures to control pollution. With the increasing pollution level, people intensified their protest. In December 2011, local residents started protest on the street. They blocked the road to the industrial area and refused to move till their demands were met. One of their demands was to do environmental assessment of the area by some independent agency preferably by New-Delhi based NGO Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). They also demanded government officials (sub-divisonal magistrate (SDM) of Kotdwar) should inspect the factories and shut down the factories found flouting environmental norms. The factories should remain shut till the Uttarakhand Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board (UEPPCB) submits its report. The communities also demanded that the factories using coal in reheating furnace instead of furnace oil, without permission should be shut down. Using coal adds to the air pollution. Since the industrial area is in close proximity to densely populated area, they demand it be shifted. [1, 2, 3]