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Jasodharpur Industrial Area, Uttarakhand, India


Jasodharpur Industrial Area (JIA) was started in 1996-1997. The area is located near Kotdwar town of Pauri Garhwal district in Uttarakhand. There are about 20 steel production plant located in the cluster owned by the Infrastructure and Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIDCUL).

Local residents started protesting against the pollution caused by the industries located in the area since 2008. People are mainky worried about the air pollution and improper solid waste disposal. Following protest, Uttarakhand Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board (UEPPCB) had not taken proper measures to control pollution. With the increasing pollution level, people intensified their protest. In December 2011, local residents started protest on the street. They blocked the road to the industrial area and refused to move till their demands were met. One of their demands was to do environmental assessment of the area by some independent agency preferably by New-Delhi based NGO Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). They also demanded government officials (sub-divisonal magistrate (SDM) of Kotdwar) should inspect the factories and shut down the factories found flouting environmental norms. The factories should remain shut till the Uttarakhand Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board (UEPPCB) submits its report. The communities also demanded that the factories using coal in reheating furnace instead of furnace oil, without permission should be shut down. Using coal adds to the air pollution. Since the industrial area is in close proximity to densely populated area, they demand it be shifted. [1, 2, 3]

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Jasodharpur Industrial Area, Uttarakhand, India
State or province:Uttarakhand
Location of conflict:Jasodharpur; Kotdwar
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Mineral processing
Other industries
Specific commodities:Coal

Iron ore

Project Details and Actors

Project details:

The industrial cluster was established in 1996-97. The area spreads over 36.4 hectares. There are about 18 mini steel factories located in the cluster. The factories use scrap as the raw material to produce ingots and bars. Total production capacity is about 167,000 tonnes of ingots per annum and 101,000 tonnes of bar [3] .

Project area:36.4
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Kukreti Steel from India
Shree Sidhbali Sugar, Unit I from India
Shree Dhanvarsha Steels from India
Sant Steels & Alloys from India
Uttaranchal Iron & Ispat from India
Uttaranchal Iron & Ispat, Unit II from India
Kotdwar Steels from India
Sumo Steels from India
Himgiri Ispat from India
Pushkar Steels from India
HRJ Steels from India
Jai Mateshwari Steels from India
Poddar Alloys from India
Bhagyashree Steels & Alloys from India
JN Ispat from India
Amritvarsha Udhyog from India
PL Steels from India
Shree Sidhbali Sugar, Unit II from India
Relevant government actors:Uttar Pradesh State Industrial Development Corporation , State Infrastructure and Industrial Development, Corporation of Uttarakhand , Government of Uttarakhand, Uttarakhand, Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board,
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Kissan Mahasabha, Sangharsh Samiti of Kotdwar, The people of villages Maganpur, Haldukhata, Jasodharpur

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:The sit-in protest (Dharna) lifted by the protesters, on December 6, 2012 when the government agreed to certain demands raised by the people. One of the demand was that to carry a study of environmental impact by an independent agency (centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi)
The second demand was an inspection by The Sub-divisional Megistrate(SDM’s) and closure of units which are violating pollution norms [1].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Although request for shutting of factories which were causing pollution and using coal illegally was also made to the government the industries have not been shut. Nor has the demand that the JIA be moved away been met [1]

Sources and Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1] Environmental Assessment Jasodharpur Industrial Area Kotdwar, Uttarakhand


Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] CSEs Environmental Assessment of Jasodharpur Industrial Area in Uttarakhand

[3] Steeled up

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014