In 2007, Swedish government owned enterprise Vattenfall announced plans to expand the 2019 expiring mining in Jaenschwalde to the north. Three villages (Kerkwitz, Grabko and Atterwasch) of about 900 residents would have to resettled according to Vattenfall. As mining border communities also Taubendorf and Great Gastrose would be directly affected. Several Fauna-Flora-Habitat areas protected under the Habitats Directive area would be affected as well as some churches and war cemeteries.
Due to the various effects of the expansion of opencast mining on people and the environment, affected citizens, heritage and environmental justice organizations (e.g. Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union, Nabu) farmers associations, the Left Party and Alliance 90/The Greens, have founded a popular initiative under the slogan No new opencast mines - for a sustainable energy policy in 2007. The Alliance launched a referendum in 2008, which failed in 2009 due to fewer signatures. As a reaction to the strong mobilization against this and other mining projects (see for example Cottbus Sued) in the region, the Brandenburg government is considering a nationalization of Vattenfall’s mining business. Furthermore, the recent decision of the German constitutional court (see Garzweiler II) has decided, that in the future, citizens must be able to file complaints against expropriations and resettlements at an earlier stage. According to Friends of the Earth Brandenburg and Climate-Alliance Germany this court decision will prevent Jaenschwalde-Nord and other proposed mining projects in Brandenburg.