Conflicts on lignite (brown coal) mining in Germany (west and east) are old. The EJatlas contains entries for several of them. They took a new turn in 2015 with the Ende Gelände movement which squarely linked up two issues: local damage from open cast coal mining and global climate change when coal is burnt. In 2014, brown coal (lignite) electricity production in Germany rose to its highest level since 1990, despite the country’s campaign to shift to green sources of energy. A strong movement arose against this. The activist John Jordan reported with enthusiasm in August 2015  : "I was with 1,500 others, many of whom had never broken any law for their beliefs before. Together we managed to shut down Europe’s biggest source of CO2 emissions: RWE’s lignite mines in the Rhineland in Germany. Around 800 of us were arrested, and hundreds of us refused to cooperate with the authorities by withholding our names and IDs. It was the world’s largest act of disobedience against the mining of fossil fuels – and it might be the spark that ignites a rising, cross-border movement of disobedience for climate justice." He continued: "The protest was called Ende Gelände (Here and no further) – and it was direct action at its best. Not a symbolic gesture that just tells a story and makes an injustice visible, but an action that targeted the very source of the problem and stopped it in its tracks. Of course, the stories from the day are important, and will help build confidence within the movement. But the actual stopping of CO2 emissions themselves, the fact that the lignite coal – the dirtiest type of coal in the world – was not dug out and burned that day, is what counts. Ende Gelände was a collective act of resistance that for once felt proportionate to the scale of the emergency: catastrophic climate change.".
The action was repeated in 2016 at another lignite mine in Germany (in Lusatia, near Berlin), this time against Vattenfall and the Czech company EPH which has acquired this asset on the 30th of September 2016. The activists wrote that for decades,"Vattenfall has been destroying the region Lusatia in Eastern Germany to make money with coal ... EPH, too, has only one goal: Making money as quickly as possible. They want to continue the lignite mining business as long as they can, tearing down more villages. The money will disappear into dubious offshore company constructions instead of reserves; and very soon, once the lignite business is really not profitable any more, EPH will shirk any responsibility – and leave behind a destroyed region without facing its liabilities. Whether Vattenfall or EPH: investing in lignite mining means continuing a socially and ecologically devastating economic system. The community will have to pay for a “renaturalization” of the open cast pits; workers will be abandoned. Meanwhile, more CO2 is emitted, which further fuels catastrophic climate change". A demonstration and blockade was announced for Pentecost 2016. And the movement Ende Gelände went to Lusatia with nearly 4000 people to block lignite mining infrastructure. The movement sees itself as part of a world-wide uprising against extractivism.
Between the 4th and the 15th of May 2016 people of five continents carried out disruptive actions of civil disobedience against the infrastructure of the climate catastrophe. "Together we will show that the time has come to “Break Free from Fossil Fuels”".