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Malonda Tree Farms in Niassa, Mozambique


Malonda plans to occupy about 60,000 ha with eucalyptus and pine, for timber and carbon credits. In 2008, a study found community dissatisfaction and a potential for explosive conflict in areas where it had started clearing land and planting tree plantations, restricting local populations access to land and threatening their livelihoods. Although the management of Malonda Tree Farm asserts that the project occupies areas abandoned by the population (non-productive areas such as exhausted farmlands), members of the community of Cavago in the District of Sanga allege that Malonda Tree Farm has disrespected the limits of its concessions, invaded community areas and caused conflicts at a community level. Also a lack of community consultation has taken place.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Malonda Tree Farms in Niassa, Mozambique
State or province:Niassa province
Location of conflict:Sanga district
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:Pine

Carbon offsets

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Project area:60000
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Green Resources AS from Norway - it is a Norwegian company financed by Norfund (Norwegian Investment fund for developing countries).
Relevant government actors:Government of Mozambique concedes DUAT, a declaration conceding the right to use and profit from the land, The Malonda Foundation is a state agency, founded in 2005, to facilitate investments in the region and funded by SIDA
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:UNAC (National Union of Peasants of Mozambique) and Justia Ambiental (Friends of the Earth Mozambique) carried out a preliminary study on the land grabbing process in Mozambique.

Conflict & Mobilization

Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Forms of mobilization:Sabotage
Communities have been burning the plantations, forcing the company to hire guards. They also have been coordinating with other indigenous groups to force the compan to return some of the communal land so they may gather firewood, etc..


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:project continues

Sources & Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Overbeek, Winifridus, The Expansion of Tree Monocultures in Niassa Province, Mozambique.

Lemos, A. (coord.), 2011. Lords of the Land: preliminary analysis of the phenomenon of land grabbing in Mozambique. Justia Ambiental and UNAC, Maputo

Meta information

Contributor:winnie overbeek
Last update08/04/2014