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Manori to Marve Sea Link, Mumbai, India


The state government of Maharashtra wants to promote the Manori-Gorai-Uttan belt as a tourism zone. After the idea was first mooted, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) was appointed as a special planning authority (SPA) in 2004, replaced by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation in 2007 and redesignated as SPA in 2008. It will continue to sanction all building plans in the region.

A 18km-long enclave will be made accessible to the public by a 5km coastal road restricted to the beach area. It will allegedly give an impetus to tourism by allowing resorts and tourist activities in green zones as well. The proposed Manori – Marve sea link is going to be constructed between Manori and Marve on Manori creek.

According to an article on the Times of India, Uma Adusumalli, MMRDA officer in charge of the area's development plan, declared: "The road will be on the lines of Marine Drive-the sea, road and then habitation. This is to ensure that the public has an unrestricted access to the seafront".

But for this road, the government will acquire land from private land owners.

Notwithstanding protests from locals, the bridge connecting Madh-Marve to Manori will be constructed along with another bridge near the now closed Gorai dumping ground to the other side of Gorai.

Up to now, there are no road connections between these two points i.e. Manori Marve. Ferry services are the only mode of connections between these two points. If the proposed bridge constructed, it will cut travel time to half hour and access Marve will be much easier [2].

Following the announcement of construction, about 800 villagers from 10 villages across the Gorai-Uttan belt held public rallies to protest against the proposed Manori-Marve sea link. Many environmentalist groups and social movements from elsewhere joined the rally and expressed their solidarity [2]. Thousands of protestors assembled on Gorai Church grounds on 26th Nov. 2009 to protest against the proposed sea link. The region is densely populated (about 1, 25,000 people) and rich in culture and natural resources. So any developmental project will severely affect many people and their livelihood.

National Convention on SEZ extended its support to the movement [3]. According to the protestors the proposed bridge will destroy marine life and the living for the local people, while many local people are solely depended on fishing for their livelihood.

In 2006, the Dharavi Bet Bachao Sangharsh Samiti opposed the Pan India Paryatan Ltd SEZ and stopped the project. Now they are united again and determined to oppose this plan as well.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Manori to Marve Sea Link, Mumbai, India
State or province:Maharastra
Location of conflict:City-Mumbai
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific commodities:Land
Tourism services

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Manori – Marve is located at both side of a creek and are not connected by roads. Motorists have to take a long road to reach Manori and Uttan. So, a 500-metre bridge is proposed to link the two existing roads at the ends of the creek. It will be another link like the famous Bandra-Worli Sea Link. The bridge will allegedly provide better access to the areas between Manori and Bhayander [1]. The bridge will cut travel time between these two places. Traffic congestion can be avoided between Gorai and Bhayander on the Western Express Highway up to half hour along with the easy access to Marve [2]. This cable stayed bridge will be constructed with an estimated cost of about Rs 210 crore. The tentative completion time will be about 18 months [1].

Level of Investment:34,923,819 (Rs 210 Crore)
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:10,000-20,000
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (MMRCL) from India - Construction
Relevant government actors:Government of Maharastra, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Dharavi Bet Bachao Sangharsh Samiti

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:In 2006, local people in that area successfully stopped Pan India Paryatan Ltd SEZ. Now again are preparing for this new protest.
Their main concern is that the local peoples’ opinion has not been taken into consideration before taking the decision of proposed sea Link Bridge. They were only informed through newspapers and other media. However, MMRDA officials said that the project was in conceptual stage and yet to materialized [4, 5].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:There was no prior intimation of the proposed bridge to the people. Before taking the decision, the opinion of local people were not considered. When they have asked concerned official of Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority details of the project, no information about the project has been given to the activists. However, local people wanted to oppose the project from the beginning [2].

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002,%202002.pdf

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Environmental Problems of Mumbai by Owi Kale

Coastal Road Mumbai

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Cable-stayed bridge coming up across Manori Creek

[2] 10 villages oppose proposal for Manori-Marve sea link

[4] 10 villages oppose proposal for Manori-Marve sea link

[5] Dharavi Bet Bachao Sangharsh Samiti, GORAI – MUMBAI

[3]Marve -Manori Sea Link : Development or Disaster? By Gordon D’souza

Other documents

View of the Marvé beach Source:

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Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/02/2015



View of the Marvé beach