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Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS), India


Description

Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS)is located at Durlavpur in the Bankura district in West Bengal. It has four units of 210 MW each and two unit of 250 MW. The power plant is one of the coal based power plants of Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC).

Local residents of nearby villages (Latiaboni villege) and Mejia town in Bankura district forced Maja Thermal Power Station to close its three of the six units of 1,340 mw Thermal Power Station because of pollution by fly ashes emitting from these unit.

Villagers had been demonstrating on the gate of the plant. They were picketing at the plant, demanding compensation and relocation of their village.

Basic Data

NameMejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS), India
CountryIndia
ProvinceWest Bengal
SiteDurlavpur, Mejia, Bankura
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Thermal power plants
Other
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Coal

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsMTPS is located at Durlavpur in the Bankura district in West Bengal. It has four units of 210 MW each and two unit of 250 MW. Special features of MTPS include its 16.2 km long spiral welded MS water pipeline for transporting water from the right bank of Damodar river and 220 mtrs high RCC multi flue stack which helps in preventing air pollution. Its affluent water utilization plant has a dual purpose of water conservation and minimization of liquid affluent discharge. The plant also employs 3 ring granulator type crushers for its coal handling system reducing the mill rejection from the tube mill.
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date17/08/2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesDamodar Valley Corporation from India
Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS) from India
Bahrat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) from India
Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of West Bengal, Central Electricity Authority
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLatiaboni Gram banchao Committee

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Strikes

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place

Outcome

Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Institutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Development of Alternatives0
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Fine has been imposed to Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC). Court has also directed DVC to bear the cost of medicine to the villagers who had been affected by the fly-ashes emitted from the fly ash pond

Sources and Materials

Legislations

WEST BENGAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD
http://www.wbpcb.gov.in/html/orderdirections/pubgriev/20081107_mejia_thermal_power_station.pdf

References

Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS)
http://www.dvc.gov.in/Mejia.htm

Report on Fly Ash Generation for the Year 2010-11 at Coal/Lignite Based Thermal Power Stations and its Utilization in the Country
http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/articles/thermal/fly_ash_final.pdf

Links

women injured in Mejia lathicharge
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-08-18/kolkata/28313365_1_lathicharge-police-jeep-pipeline

Pollution at Mejia DVC to pay fine again (in Bengali)
http://www.anandabazar.com/archive/1081217/17jibjagat1.htm

To prevent pollution two more units are established in Mejia (In Bengali)
http://www.anandabazar.com/archive/1081218/18jibjagat2.htm

MW Mejia power plant shuts down due to fly ash burden
http://www.kseboa.org/news/1340mw-mejia-power-plant-shuts-down-due-to-fly-ash-burden-2512453.html

Pollution-hit villagers force Mejia thermal plant to close half of its units
http://www.indianexpress.com/news/pollutionhit-villagers-force-mejia-thermal-plant-to-close-half-of-its-units/399991#sthash.9rbd4BuK.dpuf

Meta Information

ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update02/06/2014