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Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS), India


Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS)is located at Durlavpur in the Bankura district in West Bengal. It has four units of 210 MW each and two unit of 250 MW. The power plant is one of the coal based power plants of Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC).

Local residents of nearby villages (Latiaboni villege) and Mejia town in Bankura district forced Maja Thermal Power Station to close its three of the six units of 1,340 mw Thermal Power Station because of pollution by fly ashes emitting from these unit.

Villagers had been demonstrating on the gate of the plant. They were picketing at the plant, demanding compensation and relocation of their village.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS), India
State or province:West Bengal
(municipality or city/town)Durlavpur, Mejia, Bankura
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Coal

Project Details and Actors

Project details:

MTPS is located at Durlavpur in the Bankura district in West Bengal. It has four units of 210 MW each and two unit of 250 MW. Special features of MTPS include its 16.2 km long spiral welded MS water pipeline for transporting water from the right bank of Damodar river and 220 mtrs high RCC multi flue stack which helps in preventing air pollution. Its affluent water utilization plant has a dual purpose of water conservation and minimization of liquid affluent discharge. The plant also employs 3 ring granulator type crushers for its coal handling system reducing the mill rejection from the tube mill.

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:17/08/2008
Company names or state enterprises:Damodar Valley Corporation from India
Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS) from India
Bahrat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) from India
Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of West Bengal, Central Electricity Authority
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Latiaboni Gram banchao Committee

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Institutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Development of alternatives:0
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Fine has been imposed to Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC). Court has also directed DVC to bear the cost of medicine to the villagers who had been affected by the fly-ashes emitted from the fly ash pond

Sources and Materials

Related laws and legislationsĀ - Juridical texts related to the conflict


References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS)

Report on Fly Ash Generation for the Year 2010-11 at Coal/Lignite Based Thermal Power Stations and its Utilization in the Country

LinksĀ to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

women injured in Mejia lathicharge

Pollution at Mejia DVC to pay fine again (in Bengali)

To prevent pollution two more units are established in Mejia (In Bengali)

MW Mejia power plant shuts down due to fly ash burden

Pollution-hit villagers force Mejia thermal plant to close half of its units

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update02/06/2014