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Mining Project at Marlapadu village, India


The Government of Andhra Pradesh reserved low grade Iron Ore deposit areas in Konijedu, Marlapadu villages in Prakasam District over an extent of 3,143 acres for exploitation in public sector.

The Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation signed an MOU with M/s. Gimpex Ltd., Chennai for exploitation of low grade Iron Ore deposits over an extent of 1307.26 acres and establishment of beneficiation plant under Joint Venture.

Local people, opposed to setting up of an iron ore extraction plant in the village, clashed with police in Dec 2011 (1). Villagers also boycotted public hearing on the proposed plant.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Mining Project at Marlapadu village, India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
Location of conflict:Prakasam
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Mineral ore exploration
Specific commodities:
Iron ore

Project Details and Actors

Project details:

The annual capacity of the proposed venture is 5 lakh MTs and the expected revenue is Rs. 2.25 crores per annum @ Rs. 45 / MT of concentrate produced. This project would generate employment for 500 to 800 people. This project involves investment of Rs. 150 to Rs. 175 crores.

Project area:530
Level of Investment:30000000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:17/11/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) from India
M/s. Gimpex Ltd. from India
Relevant government actors:Andhra Pradesh Government, Pollution Control Board, Prakasam District Collector

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Property damage/arson

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood


Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Villagers are against the establishment of the mining in the area. They claim that a canal that is supplying drinking water to the villages, would get polluted and would also cause air and noise pollution in the area. Also locals are not assured about the getting employment at the mining or plant.

Sources and Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Exploitation of low grade iron ore in Prakasam District

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LinksĀ to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

(1)Villagers clash with police over mining project

Business Line, APMDC, Chennai co to tap iron ore in Prakasam district

The Hindu, Villagers boycott public hearing on mining

Villagers clash with police in Prakasam district of AP over iron or mining plans by Gympex

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014