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Mining Project at Marlapadu village, India


The Government of Andhra Pradesh reserved low grade Iron Ore deposit areas in Konijedu, Marlapadu villages in Prakasam District over an extent of 3,143 acres for exploitation in public sector.

The Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation signed an MOU with M/s. Gimpex Ltd., Chennai for exploitation of low grade Iron Ore deposits over an extent of 1307.26 acres and establishment of beneficiation plant under Joint Venture.

Local people, opposed to setting up of an iron ore extraction plant in the village, clashed with police in Dec 2011 (1). Villagers also boycotted public hearing on the proposed plant.

Basic Data

NameMining Project at Marlapadu village, India
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Specific Commodities
Iron ore

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsThe annual capacity of the proposed venture is 5 lakh MTs and the expected revenue is Rs. 2.25 crores per annum @ Rs. 45 / MT of concentrate produced. This project would generate employment for 500 to 800 people. This project involves investment of Rs. 150 to Rs. 175 crores.

Project Area (in hectares)530
Level of Investment (in USD)30000000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date17/11/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesAndhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) from India
M/s. Gimpex Ltd. from India
Relevant government actorsAndhra Pradesh Government, Pollution Control Board, Prakasam District Collector

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Property damage/arson


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood


Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseViolent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Villagers are against the establishment of the mining in the area. They claim that a canal that is supplying drinking water to the villages, would get polluted and would also cause air and noise pollution in the area. Also locals are not assured about the getting employment at the mining or plant.

Sources and Materials


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Exploitation of low grade iron ore in Prakasam District


(1)Villagers clash with police over mining project

Business Line, APMDC, Chennai co to tap iron ore in Prakasam district

Villagers clash with police in Prakasam district of AP over iron or mining plans by Gympex

The Hindu, Villagers boycott public hearing on mining

Meta Information

ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014