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Mithivirdi nuclear power station, Bhavnagar, India


Description

The proposed NPP at Mithivirdi will be set up in Talaja Taluka, Bhavnagar district, Gujarat which is 40 km from Bhavnagar. The project is part of the Indo-US nuclear deal signed in 2007.

The site is located on sea coast on west side of the Gulf of Khambhat. The total project area is 777 ha. Among the total area 603 ha area falls under agricultural land (both kharif and rabi, two harvest season in India) and the remaining land includes waste land, forest, scrub land, water bodies etc.

Both the BJP government in Gujarat and the Congress-led UPA government at the Centre are pushing hard for the Rs 60,000 crore nuclear power plant.

The local people started resistance against the first public hearing. Mithi Virdi is a small coastal town known for its lush green orchards producing a variety of rare-quality fruits. Fear of losing fertile ancestral land coupled with apprehensions about a nuclear power plant in the neighborhood has awaken protests among villagers.

Basic Data

NameMithivirdi nuclear power station, Bhavnagar, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceGujrat
SiteBhavnagar
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific Commodities
Uranium

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsA land measuring 777.80 ha in the coastal area will be acquired for Mithivirdi plant site to set-up proposed Nuclear Power Plant of 6000 MWe.

Project Area (in hectares)777
Level of Investment (in USD)9,000,000,000 (60,000 crore Rs)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population4500
Start Date2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesNuclear Power Corporarion of India Ltd (NPCIL) from India
Westinghouse Electric Corporation from United States of America
Relevant government actorsNuclear Power Corporation of India as a State company , Government of India, Gujarat Coastal Zone Management Authority, Gujarat Power Corporation , Environment Public Hearing Committee of Bhavnagar, Gujarat Pollution Control Board
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersParyavaran Suraksha Samiti, Bharatiya Janta Party Youth Wings, Congress Party youth wings, Bhavnagar District Gram Bachao Samiti, Samarthan Mahila Mahasangh.

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti Local Villagers Bhavnagar District Gram Bachao Samiti Samarthan Mahila Mahasangh. Youth Wings of Bharatiya Janta Party Youth Wings of Congress Party Activists who participated in the Mahuva movement
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Sabotage
Soil and water testing for the proposed site was delayed following intense protest by villagers. Locals vowed not to let the public hearing on environmental concerns take place.

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place

Outcome

Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesProtesters are not against the project, only that the location is not proper.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The farmers are protesting against the choice of the site of the project, claiming that the land consumed is extremely fertile, which should not be compromised for any project whatsoever. Also other local people are protesting against the proposed Environment Impact Assessment report in the public hearing.

Sources and Materials

Legislations

CIVIL LIABILITY OF NUCLEAR DAMAGE ACT,2010. (38 OF2010).pdf
http://lawmin.nic.in/ld/regionallanguages/THE

UNITED STATES AND INDIA NUCLEAR COOPERATION
http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-109hr5682enr/pdf/BILLS-109hr5682enr.pdf

THE CIVIL LIABILITY FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE ACT, 2010

References

REPORT FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

AT MITHIVIRDI, BHAVNAGAR, GUJARAT
http://www.npcil.nic.in/pdf/Draft_EIA_report_Volume_1_of_NPP_at_Mithivirdhi_Gujarat.pdf

Links

Letter from Mithivirdi: Violations in the Environmental Public Hearing for the Proposed Nuclear Plant - See more at:
http://www.dianuke.org/letter-from-mithivirdi-violations-in-the-environmental-public-hearing-for-the-proposed-nuclear-plant/#sthash.v9MWSwaj.dpuf

Peoples charter opposes nuclear plant for Mithi Virdi in Gujarat, says India is on suicidal path
http://www.counterview.net/2013/07/a-peoples-charter-opposes-nuclear-plant.html

Mithivirdi: Nuclear shadow over Gujarat village
http://www.dianuke.org/mithivirdi-nuclear-shadow-over-gujarat-village/

Public walk out of hearing for Mithi Virdi nuclear power project
http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/public-walk-out-hearing-mithi-virdi-nuclear-power-project

Now, Dr Kanubhai Kalsariya to lead Mithi Virdi nuclear plant protesters
http://www.dnaindia.com/india/1544814/report-now-dr-kanubhai-kalsariya-to-lead-mithi-virdi-nuclear-plant-protesters

Locals step up protest against proposed n-plant at Mithi Virdi
http://www.indianexpress.com/news/locals-step-up-protest-against-proposed-nplant-at-mithi-virdi/1076306/0

NPCILs Mithivirdi nuclear plant continues to face opposition
http://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/npcil-s-mithivirdi-nuclear-plant-continues-to-face-opposition-113030500610_1.html

http://www.dianuke.org/letter-from-mithivirdi-violations-in-the-environmental-public-hearing-for-the-proposed-nuclear-plant/

Mithivirdi: Massive Protest Against Proposed US-imported Reactors on April 26
http://www.dianuke.org/mithivirdi-massive-protest-against-proposed-us-imported-reactors-on-april-26-2013/#sthash.jLId4LGK.dpuf

Environmental Impacts of Mithivirdi Nuclear Project : A Comprehensive Critique -
http://www.dianuke.org/environmental-impacts-of-mithivirdi-nuclear-project-a-comprehensive-critique/#sthash.Mi6SHmm6.dpuf

Media Links

Farmers rally against Mithivirdi nuclear plant
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Nzcg27dPvk

Public hearing for Mithi Virdi Nuclear Power Plant in Bhavnagar, Gujarat
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hPbLiVZ2OgA

VTV- PROTEST OF MITHIVIRDI NUCLEAR POWER STATION
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Sqpm43fPBc

Public hearing for Mithi Virdi Nuclear Power Plant in Bhavnagar
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ny4uiz1njHI

Meta Information

ContributorSohan Prasad Sha & Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014