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Mopa International airport (North Goa), India


Description:

A new international airport at Mopa in North Goa is going to be developed on a public privet partnership (PPP) basis. The airport will start its operation by 2016. The Central government approved the project in June 2010. A New York based firm Ammann & Whitney was appointed as the technical consultant in April 2011.

A small state like Goa has already an airport called Dabolim airport. The airport is maintained by the Indian Navy. According to the activists, no study has been conducted by the government whether a second airport is really needed in a tiny state like Goa. However, according to the Chief Minister of Goa, the increasing air passenger traffic, combined with military restrictions on timing and access to areas of present airport at Dabolim had forced both the central as well as the State Government to start another airport in north Goa.

The plateau where the airport is proposed has 40 lakh cashew trees, thousands of fruit bearing trees and abundant water. Hence, Locals of Mopa are against the proposed Mopa airport, claiming that they would lose their homes, plantations and their livelihood. A group of affected farmers have formed the ‘Mopa Vimantal Pidit Shetkari Saghtana under the leadership of Sandeep Kambli, Hanumant Aroskar and Digambar Tulaskar to fight for their cause. Locals claim that the proposed Greenfield international airport in Mopa is nothing but a ploy by politicians cutting across political lines to push real estate business.

Resolutions adopted by a large gathering at Lohia Maidan in Margao on May 15, 2013 against the Mopa airport had been forwarded to the Chief Minister with a request to immediately stop land acquisition proceess, and to announce Dabolim as the only civilian airport for the State.

The total investment for the airport is $ 608,894,192.07 (Rs. 3800 Crore )

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Mopa International airport (North Goa), India
Country:India
State or province:Goa
Location of conflict:Mopa
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Acquisition of over 23 lakh sq mts land required for the airport.

Project area:1,011
Level of Investment:608,894,192
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:15000
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Ammann & Whitney
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Civil Aviation Ministry, Indian Navy, Airport Authority of India, Indian National Congress party
International and Finance InstitutionsInternational Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Mopa Vimantal Peedit Xetkari Samiti’ (MVPXS), Mopa Airport-Affected Farmers Committee, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Strikes

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place

Outcome

Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Institutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Farmers organised under ‘Mopa Vimantal Peedit Xetkari Samiti’ (MVPXS),from Pernem taluka are neither attracted to the compensation from the government towards their land nor interested in their rehabilitation.
Pro-Mopa groups demand jobs in new Airport Project.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Local farmers will not allow government to acquire their land for the proposed Mopa International Airport.
Also, second Airport in the vicinity of already exiting airport (less than 80 KM) is not required.
The second airport will increase north south divide among Goans.

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Land Acquisition Act of 1894
http://megrevenuedm.gov.in/acts/land-aquisition-act-1894.pdf

*(In new land acquisition Bill, government has issued a document explaining the tenets of the Bill that offers a comprehensive explanation of a law that will change how land is acquired and owners are compensated in India.)

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Mopa International Airport - Goa | Proposed
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1488872

Political Economy of Mopa Airport
http://www.navhindtimes.in/opinion/political-economy-mopa-airport

Will not allow govt to acquire land for Mopa airport: Pernem farmers
http://www.goacom.com/goa-news-highlights/11322-will-not-allow-govt-to-acquire-land-for-mopa-airport-pernem-farmers

Mopa is for MLAs real estate benefit, not local farmers
http://www.goanews.com/news_disp.php?newsid=944

Is Mopa Airport Required ?
http://www.goachronicle.com/current-affairs/20091-is-mopa-airport-required-

Mopa airport project runs into rough weather
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/todays-paper/tp-logistics/mopa-airport-project-runs-into-rough-weather/article2189298.ece

Goa to have 2 airports – old and new
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/todays-paper/goa-to-have-2-airports-old-and-new/article994068.ece

Goa to float global tenders for its new airport soon
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/states/goa-to-float-global-tenders-for-its-new-airport-soon/article4178481.ece

Villagers oppose new airport project in Goa
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/government-and-policy/villagers-oppose-new-airport-project-in-goa/article1576746.ece

Mopa airport project: Clearance after many a controversy
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/todays-paper/tp-logistics/mopa-airport-project-clearance-after-many-a-controversy/article994055.ece

Green field international airport at Mopa being deliberately delayed
http://www.goacom.com/goa-news-highlights/9632-green-field-international-airport-at-mopa-being-deliberately-delayed

Goa govt oppressing farmers over land for Mopa airport: Samiti
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-06-04/news/39740843_1_mopa-airport-sandip-kambli-proposed-greenfield-airport

Goa- MOPA Airport a ploy to push real estate rates
http://kractivist.wordpress.com/2013/06/08/goa-mopa-airport-a-ploy-to-push-real-estate-rates-makanakamopa/

‘No To Mopa On PPP Model’
http://www.goanewsonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=14329&Itemid=55

Parrikar attempts to allay fears over international airport at Mopa
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/parrikar-attempts-to-allay-fears-over-international-airport-at-mopa/article4732039.ece

‘Mopa airport will not hit Dabolim operations’
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/mopa-airport-will-not-hit-dabolim-operations/article4575818.ece

Tender for Mopa international airport in Goa likely by October: Manohar Parrikar
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2012-07-08/news/32588700_1_mopa-manohar-parrikar-new-airport

Pro-Mopa Group: Shut Dabolim, Declare Mopa As Only Airport
http://www.goanewsonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=14781&Itemid=55

News/Police-accused-of-stifling-anti-Mopa-airport-protests/40062.html
http://www.oheraldo.in/news/Local

Locals demand job quota at proposed Mopa airport in Goa - See more at:
http://content.timesjobs.com/locals-demand-job-quota-at-proposed-mopa-airport-in-goa/#sthash.hPCgZmXd.dpuf

Police accused of stifling anti-Mopa airport protests

Mopa airport is necessary for Goa: BJP
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/politics/mopa-airport-is-necessary-for-goa-bjp/article4714747.ece

Goa Chief Minister slammed for continuing to back Mopa airport
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/goa-chief-minister-slammed-for-continuing-to-back-mopa-airport/article4752488.ece

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

NO TO MOPA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qEOv7pMz0EU

Chief Minister assures Mopa Airport only after Dabolim airports existence is confirmed
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eO1mii1gdOo

Goans For Dabolim Only Rally at Lohia Maidan Margao
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3WrMbX1yWc

Other comments:Mopa International Airport
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Mopa-International-Airport/175869999097283

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/08/2018