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Nice - OIN plaine du Var, France


The OIN (Operation d Intérêt National) Eco-Valley is a project that includes over 30 years of development of the Plaine du Var, an area of about 10 000 ha. This project is coordinated by the Urban Development Agency (EPA) which is responsible for producing the preliminary studies to define future development and implementation.

OIN status puts the state in charge of important planning issues, such as building permits, on the grounds of national interest, and thus allows for faster decision-making and development.

The range of developments covers everything from agricultural projects in the northern reaches of the valley, through university, industrial and residential projects, to office blocks and a transport hub sited close to the airport.

Associations and citizens have been mobilizing for years to preserve the plain Var. They do not deny the need for planning but argue that it must be environmentally friendly and not with an economic profit short term perspective under the classical development paradigm. Basically, three aspects from the valley are highlighted: the capacity for agriculture production, its biodiversity and its water resources. Although the works have already started they are determined to continue the resistance.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Nice - OIN plaine du Var, France
State or province:Provence-Alpes Cote dAzur
Location of conflict:Nice
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific commodities:Tourism services
- Leisure Services. - Transportation Services.

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Construction of Olympic Nice Stadium.

Ikea store.

40 km road.

Transportation hub.

An urban technology park (Nice Méridia).

Grand Arénas – a 75,000 m² exhibition and conference park.

Project area:10000
Level of Investment:588520000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:116000
Start of the conflict:28/07/2008
Company names or state enterprises:The Public Urban Development Agency Plaine du Var (EPA) from France - it is directed by an Administrative Council compounded of representatives from the different stakeholders
Vinci Group (Vinci) from France
Relevant government actors:The State, The city of Nice, The Nice Côte d’Azur metropolis, The Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Region, The General Council of the Alpes-Maritimes
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Collectif OIN Plaine du Var: pour un debat citoyen., ZAD Geko-VAllée

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Development of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Development of alternatives:A proposal has to be done yet. They are supposed to make it public over September 2013.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Firstly, it has to be said that it is a very difficult project to oppose because it is very well presented by the promoters. It is said to be green, sustainable and economically friendly for the region. However, opponents do not surrender and they are planning to present an alternative project as well as continue with actions.

Sources & Materials

Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Décret n° 2008-773 du 30 juillet 2008 portant création de l’Etablissement public. Decree for the foundation of the EPA.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

An article with a positive view of the project:

Le Monde

Articles criticising the project (in French):

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Another website promoting the project:

Collectif O.I.N. Plaine du Var: pour un debat citoyen:

Official website of the project:

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Videos of the actions carried out by the opposing EJO:

Other comments:The Investment reported comes from public funds.

Meta information

Contributor:Alfred Burballa Noria
Last update18/08/2019