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Nitta Gelatin India Ltd (NGIL), India


Description:

Nitta Gelatin India Ltd (NGIL), one of the most successful Indo-Japanese industrial ventures between Nitta Gelatin Inc (NGI), Japan and Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation (KSIDC) is a leading global manufacturer of gelatin, ossein, di calcium phosphate and collagen peptide. Incorporated as Kerala Chemicals and Proteins in 1975, the name was changed to Nitta Gelatin India in 2008.

The plant in Kathikudam discharges around 90 tonnes of waste everyday to the Chalakkudy River. According to the local protestors, the company has flouted all the laws and do not possess a license from Kadukutty Panchayat for the past three years.

On March 23, 2008, an action Council was formed with Jayan Pattath as chairman and Appu Kuttippat as gen convenor against the pollution. On March 26, a dharna (sit in protest) was staged in front of the factory and inaugurated by Varhese Thoduparambil, the leader of Karshaka Munnettam, Muriyad. Since then Kathikudam has been witnessing protests in various forms.

In August a long protest went on for some two weeks, convened by several organizations. Over 100 organisations have in fact already expressed their solidarity to the protest and to the residents for ‘land, air and water’.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Nitta Gelatin India Ltd (NGIL), India
Country:India
State or province:Kerala
Location of conflict:Kathikudam, District- Thrissur
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Chemical industries
Specific commodities:Gelatin, Ossein, Di Calcium Phosphate And Collagen Peptide
Chemical products
Industrial waste

Project Details and Actors

Project details:

The plant in Kathikudam discharges around 90 tonnes of waste everyday to the Chalakkudy River.

Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:400,000
Start of the conflict:1996
Company names or state enterprises:Nitta Gelatin Inc (NGI) from Japan
Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation (KSIDC) from India
Relevant government actors:Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Kathikudam Samara Samithi, NGIL Action Council, Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad, Jananeethi

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
0
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
On March 23, 2008, an action Council was formed with Jayan Pattath as chairman and Appu Kuttippat as gen convenor against the pollution. On March 26, a dharna was staged in front of the factory and inaugurated by Varhese Thoduparambil, the leader of Karshaka Munnettam, Muriyad. Since then Kathikudam has been witnessing protests in various forms.

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Infectious diseases

Outcome

Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The movement in Kathikudam continues. The protest led by NGILAC has already witnessed more police arrests and long marches in Cochin and Thrissur.

Sources and Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

(see also attached)

Jananeethi Report on Pollution of Nitta Gelatin India Ltd.

Kathikudam to Kalakundam - a pipeline distance to disaster
http://www.countercurrents.org/jananeethireportkathikudam.pdf

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

§id=edid=&edlabel=TOIKRKO&mydateHid=22-07-2013&pubname=Times of India - Kochi&edname=&articleid=Ar00405&publabel=TOI
http://mobiletoi.timesofindia.com/mobile.aspx?article=yes&pageid=4

Protests intensify against Nitta Gelatin Company
http://newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/Protests-intensify-against-Nitta-Gelatin-Company/2013/08/02/article1713969.ece

Nitta Gelatin India – a name to be reckoned with
http://pharma.financialexpress.com/20111231/ipc2011special05.shtml

Nitta Gelatin: study by high-power panel sought
http://www.hindu.com/2010/07/18/stories/2010071857310300.htm

Kathikudam NGIL plant: Police lathicharge protestors
http://kaumudiglobal.com/innerpage1.php?newsid=39033

Urgent action: Nitta Gelatin’s police protection for toxic sludge shipments
http://news.bhopal.net/2010/09/03/nitta-gelatin-police-protection-for-illegal-toxic-shipments/

A Fight till Death, A Fight for the Commons – The Story of Kathikudam, Kerala: Parvathy Binoy
http://kafila.org/2013/08/13/a-fight-till-death-a-fight-for-the-commons-the-story-of-kathikudam-kerala-parvathy-binoy/

Protest against NGIL turns violent

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Villagers Agitate Against Industrial Pollution by Nitta Jalatin _ Janapaksham Part 1 (malayalam)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zuprzgaq9vo

Villagers Agitate Against Industrial Pollution by Nitta Jalatin _ Janapaksham Part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?annotation_id=annotation_1627873621&feature=iv&src_vid=zuprzgaq9vo&v=PlnMSncyAIM

Villagers Agitate Against Industrial Pollution by Nitta Jalatin_ Janapaksham Part 3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?annotation_id=annotation_3844553483&feature=iv&src_vid=zuprzgaq9vo&v=8ypaLDBf_RI

Other documents

Jananeethi Report on Pollution of Nitta Gelatin India Ltd.
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/jananeethireportkathikudam.pdf

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014