Please zoom in or out and select the base layer according to your preference to make the map ready for printing, then press the Print button above.

Oil and gas exploration at Woodburn Forest, Ireland


In May 2016, after considerable opposition, the company InfraStrata  started drilling at Woodburn Forest site in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, and said it expects to complete the well within the next six weeks.

Stop the Drill campaigners are seeking an injunction to stop InfraStrata from going ahead with exploratory oil drilling close to a reservoir that supplies drinking water to thousands of homes. The exploration company said will target the estimated 25 million barrels of oil within the Woodburn Forest prospect. No hydraulic fracking would be used.  Once completed, the well will be plugged and abandoned and the site restored to its former state, the company said.  In March 2016, the company had obtained permission by the county council. As reported in the press, "Emotions boiled over and verbal abuse was shouted at councillors whose vote leaves the way open for a search well to be drilled looking for oil and gas underneath the forest. Over 100 protesters from the 'Stop the Drill' campaign swamped the town hall in Ballymena to protest against the plans to look for natural resources at Woodburn Forest close to Woodburn reservoirs... As a majority of councillors from Mid and East Antrim Council agreed to give the waste management plan the go-ahead and also rejected calls for an independent survey to be carried out, police were on standby in the council chamber as protesters shouted abuse. Words like "scumbag", "shame" and "disgrace" echoed around the council chamber ...".

Campaigners have set up a permanent protest site at Woodburn Forest.

Their cause has been supported by Mark Ruffalo (Head of Water Defense), who acted as 'The Hulk’

and one of the protesters, Chris Campbell, attended the council meeting wearing green face paint to make him look like the film character. He said: "We got support from Mark Ruffalo who acted 'The Hulk' in Hollywood so I was chosen to be 'The Hulk'. But seriously we are all quite concerned, we all live in the local area, all grew up there. We are all concerned, there is no real measurement of the waste and as we all know the waste chemicals will be stored on site. They have no clear plan of action, how they will dispose of them. They are not telling us anything, there has not been as much as a letter has come into our houses about this.”

Despite the start of the drill the level of opposition campaign has not regressed. On the contrary its reach has been expanded. Since April, there is a popular walk organised every Sunday at Woodburn forest.  Then in June 2016, it was reported that "after years of preparation by InfraStrata, months of protests on site against their plans and the proposals being discussed in courts and councils, the firm dramatically announced that they would abandon plans to drill for oil at Woodburn Forest near Carrickfergus." (John Monaghan, The Irish Times, 17 June, 2016).

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Oil and gas exploration at Woodburn Forest, Ireland
Country:United Kingdom
State or province:Northern Ireland, County Antrim
Location of conflict:Mid and East Antrim Council
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Natural Gas

Project Details and Actors

Project details

One exploratory well being drilled in Woodburn Forest in 2016 by the company Infrastrata aimed at 25 million barrels of oil. There is opposition by local people, as described in this blog entry by

"I’ve written about Woodburn a few times before in this blog ... and carried the news to Paris with me in December (2015). Very sadly, despite the valiant efforts of Stop the Drill, some wise and farsighted local residents, Friends of the Earth and Green Party representatives Ross Brown on Belfast City Council and Steven Agnew in the Northern Assembly, the situation has gone from bad to worse. The people of Antrim and Belfast, who rely upon Woodburn Reservoir for their daily drinking water, have been let down by NI Water, which leased this vulnerable catchment area for commercial oil and gas extraction by the ever-shifting group of interests fronted by InfraStrata, by the Environment Minister and his department, which granted permitted development rights for exploratory drilling without planning permission, by the Minister for Enterprise and DETI, which unilaterally varied the terms of the licence in the company’s favour, and by the majority of councillors and MLAs, who are content to see this destruction and potential danger go ahead."

Project area:20
Level of Investment for the conflictive projectnot available
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:130,000
Start of the conflict:04/02/2016
End of the conflict:21/06/2016
Company names or state enterprises:Northern Ireland Water (NI Water) from United Kingdom - Holds property of the site that has been leased to the company conducting the drill.
Infrastrata from United Kingdom - Company conducting the exploratory drill.
Relevant government actors:Department of the Environment Northern Ireland
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Stop the Drill campaign Facebook: Don't Drill Antrim Water.
Friends of the Earth NI

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Informal workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Boycotts of companies-products


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood


Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Repression
Strengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Firstly, the campaign facilitated the articulation of a network concerned about the potential impacts of the project. Secondly, the exploratory drilling was stopped after some joint venture partners decided to withdraw its support to further drilling due to the difficult circumstances encountered in the site.

Sources & Materials

Short description of Woodburn Forest

Stop the drill campaign website

Woodburn Forest row: Protesters ordered to leave Carrickfergus test drilling site or face court, by Nevin Farrell and Jonny Bell, 08/03/2016

The Irtish Times, 17 June 2016, Johna Monaghan, Company behind Woodburn Forest oil drill call off project

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Friends of the Earth video on Woodburn Forest

Other documents

Exploration site view

Meta information

Contributor:Alfred Burballa Noria
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2250




Protest-crtical mass bike ride at Belfast city Hall


Protest camp at the forest edge

April 2016. Visit at Woodburn forest on a bank holiday.