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Oil Spill at Makaraba Village, Nigeria


Makaraba is a village in Garamatu clan in Warri South West Local Government Area of Delta State. Makaraba community is host to Chevrons Makaraba Flow Station. The people are predominately farmers.

Chevron began exploration and exploitation of oil activities in the community in 1980. On Monday, November 10, 2002, a major spill occurred at Chevrons facility, resulting in the pollution of Makaraba River and surrounding creeks, as well as the disruption of economic activities in the community. The local peoples demand for clean up and compensation have fallen on deaf ears.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Oil Spill at Makaraba Village, Nigeria
State or province:Delta State
Location of conflict:Warri South West Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Chevron Nigeria Limited from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Chevron from United States of America
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Landless peasants
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood


Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Development of alternatives:Chevron should
-clean up the spill
-send relief materials and pay adequate compensation to the victims of this environmental tragedy.
-demonstrate corporate responsibility and good citizenship by cleaning the spill and respect the peoples rights to a clean and safe environment as guaranteed by Article 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The peoples demands for clean up and compensation have fallen on deaf ears.

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Article 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Knee deep in Crude Vol 2. A publication of Environmental Rights Action/ Friends of the earth Nigeria.

Meta information

Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014